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Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs


Other Common Names Include:

Antimonio, Chop Suey Greens, Crown and Daisy Chrysanthemum, Edible Garland, Japanese Green, Kikuna, Mirabeles, Moya, Shungiku, Tangho and Tong Hao

Latin Name: Chrysanthemum coronarium

Plant Family: Asteraceae

Close Relatives: Garden chrysanthemum, daisies, Echinacea, globe artichoke, Jerusalem artichoke, sunflowers

Uses and Markets: Culinary (e.g. young, tender leaves used as a cooked vegetable or in soups and stews); Primarily used in east Asian cuisines; Ornamental

Edible chrysanthemumEdible chrysanthemum can also be grown as an ornamental.
Production Life Cycle in Ontario


Hardiness Zone


Special Notes


Propagation method

Direct seeding (later crops) or transplants from seeds (early spring crops).

Greenhouse Seeding/Propagation Dates

February to March.

Field Seeding Date:

May to early September.

Field Transplanting Dates

April to May.

In-row spacing

15 cm

Between row spacing

30-45 cm

Optimal Soil temperature at planting



No current Ontario fertility recommendations exist. Research and recommendations from outside Ontario do not necessarily apply to Ontario growing conditions. Research from Korea showed an optimum nitrogen application rate of 100 kg/ha. Click here for phosphorus and potassium application guidelines and for more information on specialty crop fertility.

Soil type

Well-drained soil; all soil types.

Soil pH


Special requirements for growth habit


Optimal Temperature Range

Prefers cool temperatures in spring and fall; hot temperatures can cause bitter leaves.

Temperature sensitivity

Frost tolerant (light frosts only).

Irrigation requirements

Irrigation beneficial under normal Ontario conditions.

Days to harvest

35-50 days

Specialized equipment


Harvest Scheduling

Multiple harvests from the same planting (leaf harvest) or single harvest (whole crown harvest); Successive plantings; Multi-cropping possible.

Hand harvest or machine harvest

Hand harvest

Quality parameters/grades

No established grades. Quality is determined by the market.

Additional Harvest Notes

Harvest leaves before plant begins to flower. Remove flower buds to promote new leaf growth. Older plants result in poor leaf quality. Harvest during cooler parts of the day to reduce moisture loss and cooling costs. Remove field heat as soon as possible after harvest.

Post harvest
Special handling/curing


Storage Conditions

Relative humidity (RH): >95%

Temperature: 0°C

Air Exchange: N/A

Duration: 2-3 weeks

Specific pests observed on this crop in Ontario (observations based on limited experience with this crop)

Insects and Invertebrates: Japanese beetles



Other Potential Pests: The following pests have not been observed on this crop in Ontario. However, they are either significant concerns for closely related plants in Ontario, or are reported on this crop in other production areas. This is not a comprehensive list of all potential pests. Not all of these pests will necessarily survive Ontario’s climate, but could potentially survive in a protected environment (e.g. greenhouse, storage facility).

Insects and Invertebrates: Whitefly, Aphids, Mites and Leafminers

Diseases: Powdery Mildew

*Indicates pests commonly mentioned as causing significant damage or economic loss to this crop in other regions.


To date the following pests have been the most significant in Ontario: none. This crop is in Crop Group 4: Leafy Vegetables (Except Brassica Vegetables) Group and subgroup 4A: Leafy Greens Subgroup. For more information on Crop Groups, refer to the Pest section.  Always refer to product labels, and follow all directions specified on the label, before applying any pest control product.  For more information, consult an OMAFRA specialist.

Japanese beetles can cause minor damage to edible chrysanthemum leaves.
Additional Notes


Ontario Research Projects Used to Create This Profile
  1. Elford, E., Filotas, M., Todd, J., and S. Westerveld. 2009. Non-traditional crops demonstration garden. OMAFRA Simcoe Resource Centre, unpublished.
  1. Munro, D. B., and E. Small.  1997.  Vegetables of Canada.  NRC Research Press, Ottawa.
  2. Yang, S.B., K.W. Park and M.H. Chiang. 1989. The effects of fertilizer application, spacing and sowing date on the growth and quality of Chrysanthemum coronarium L. Abstracts of Communicated Papers [Horticulture Abstracts], Korean Society for Horticultural Science 7:72-73.