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Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs

Ox-eye Daisy

Scientific Name: Chrysanthemum leucanthemum L.

Other Names: CHYLE, marguerite blanche, Field daisy, White daisy, grande marguerite, marguerite, chrysanthème leucanthème

Family: Composite or Aster Family (Compostiae

General Description: Perennial, reproducing by seed and by underground rhizomes. It is distinguished by its dark green, smooth, somewhat fleshy, dissected or coarsely toothed leaves, its large, conspicuous, daisy-like flower heads with white rays and yellow centres and its rhizomatous and fibrous-rooted underground system. When crushed, all parts of the plant have a disagreeably sour odour.

Habitat: Ox-eye daisy is very common and conspicuous throughout Ontario, often forming dense infestations in pastures, meadows and waste places, but also occurring in cultivated land, roadsides, gardens and lawns.



  • Erect or curving upwards
  • 20- 90 cm (8- 36 in.) high
  • Single from upturned ends of rhizomes, or few to many from a stout root-crown


  • Lower leaves:
    • Broadly spoon-shaped
    • Deeply and coarsely dissected or toothed
    • Stalked
    • Smooth
    • Dark green
    • Often glossy and fleshy
  • Upper leaves:
    • Narrower
    • Similarly dissected or deeply toothed
    • Stalkless
    • Often clasping the stem
    • Alternate (1 per node)


  • Heads:
    • Large and showy
    • Daisy-like
    • 2.5- 5 cm (1- 2 in.) across
    • Borne singly at ends of stems and main branches
  • Ray florets:
    • Usually 15 to 30 per head
    • White
    • 1- 2 cm (2/5- 4/5 in.) long
  • Disk florets:
    • Bright yellow
    • Short
    • Numerous
    • Densely packed
    • Forming a slightly rounded centre
  • Involucral bracts:
    • At the base of each head
    • Numerous
    • Firm
    • Overlapping
    • Light green with brownish margins
  • Seeds:
    • Top-shaped with a knob-like projection on the upper end
    • Ridged
    • Alternate black and white stripes
  • Flowers from early June to late autumn

Often Confused With
Scentless Chamomile (Similar flowers, however chamomile have very finely divided foliage)

Ox-eye daisy Daisy flowers Ox-eye daisy Ox-eye daisy
Click to enlarge.