Skip to content.

Some features of this website require Javascript to be enabled for best usibility. Please enable Javascript to run.

Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs

Dwarf Snapdragon

Scientific Name: Chaenorrhinum minus (L) Lange,

Other Names: chénorhinum mineur, Dwarf toadflax, Small toadflax, linaire mineure, Linaria minor L.

Family: Figwort or Snapdragon Family (Scrophulariaceae)

General Description: Annual, reproducing only by seed.

Habitat: Dwarf snapdragon occurs throughout Ontario usually in cinders and gravel along railway rights-of-way but occasionally in other waste places, cultivated fields and gardens, and has recently become a common weed in many strawberry fields.


  • Tiny, seedling with stem
  • Leaves are heart-shaped


  • Erect
  • 10- 40 cm (4- 16 in.) high
  • Usually much branched throughout
  • Glandular-hairy


  • Alternate (1 per node)
  • Sometimes in tufts along the stem
  • Short and very narrow


  • Flower stalks slender, 1- 2 cm (2/5- 4/5 in.) long from leaf axils throughout the plant
  • Small (6- 8 mm, ¼- 1/3 in. long)
  • Light blue to purplish with a yellow spot
  • Seedpods nearly spherical, about 5 mm (1/5 in.) in diameter
  • Flowers from June to September

Often Confused With
Toadflax (Snapdragon is distinguished by its small, erect, much-branched, somewhat sticky hairs stems with short, narrow leaves often in tufts, and very small, light blue to purplish snapdragon-like flowers.)

Dwarf snapdragon seed pods Dwarf snapdragon in strawberries Dwarf snapdragon seedlings Dwarf snapdragon
Click to enlarge.