A contingency plan is a written document that sets out actions
to be taken in the event that a NMS, NMP or NASM plan cannot be
followed. For example, the storage facility planned for in a NMS
may become filled with rainwater before the manure inside it is
applied. Another example is a "spill" or unanticipated release
of nutrients. Preparing contingency plans in advance facilitates
the implementation of corrective action on short notice.
Contingency plans are a required component of NMSs, NMPs or NASM
plans and must be tailored to the particular conditions of each
operation. The contingency plan should be reviewed by all relevant
parties, including the owners of the land where manure, AD output
or NASM will be applied. Key people in every operation should
be familiar with the contingency plan and know how to implement
Contingency plans should list in detail the contacts, equipment
and other resources that are available should a contingency event
occur, such as:
- the owner/operator (who can authorize expenditures),
- the number for the Spills Action Centre: (1-800-268-6060);
- the local municipality (which can be contacted for drainage
information and for assistance in spill response);
- people renting or willing to lend equipment who are close
at hand; and
- equipment such as loader tractors and emergency storage trailers.
After a situation has required that a contingency plan be put
into effect, the plan should be evaluated to determine if improvements
are needed and, if so, changes must be made accordingly.
When the implementation of a contingency plan causes you to change
any aspect of your NMS, NMP or NASM plan, it is important to assess
the significance of the change and determine whether or not an
updating of the NMS, NMP or NASM plan is necessary.
12.2 More Nutrients than the Nutrient Management
Strategy, Nutrient Management Plan or NASM Plan Have Addressed
If the application rates for nutrients in a NMP or NASM plan
are not at the maximum, the NMP or NASM plan can be reviewed to
ascertain whether the application rate and possibly the frequency
of application can be increased for certain parts of land. Any
changes made to the NMP or NASM plan must be recorded to reflect
the actual amount of nutrient applied. In some cases this may
mean an updating of the NMP or NASM plan is necessary.
If the application rates for nutrients in a NMP or NASM plan
are at the maximum, the operator must be prepared to set up alternate
uses for the nutrient. Some possibilities include:
In addition, operators may consider other disposal methods such
as landfilling, composting, incineration or other processing methods.
12.3 More Nutrients than the Storage Design
In some cases, generally due to adverse weather conditions, manure
storages may be in danger of overtopping. The preferred solution
is to land-apply the manure where doing so will not result in
an adverse effect. Other options include:
- alter the NMP if the application rates are not already at
the maximum and update the plan as required by the Regulation,
- transferring the nutrients to an available storage facility
with excess capacity (a Nutrient Transfer Agreement may be required),
- finding a broker who can take the excess (a Broker Agreement
would be required),
- finding an Intermediate Generator who will accept the excess
(a Nutrient Transfer Agreement would be required), and
- acquiring access to more land through ownership or control
or by means of a rental or other agreement.
In the case of NASM, generators will have to make alternate arrangements
for the management of the NASM.
Operators may consider other disposal methods such as landfilling,
composting, incineration or other processing methods.
12.4 Agricultural Operations: Unanticipated
Release of Nutrients (for example spills, breaks in equipment
There are important issues to be dealt with in a contingency
plan due to the adverse effects that can result from a spill.
The contingency plan must outline the required equipment, contacts
and safety precautions. The idea is to minimize the potential
for a spill and if one does occur to ensure that the operator
and the employees know what actions to implement.
12.4.1 To Avoid A Spill
Spread the nutrient according to your NMP or NASM plan or put
it in an adequate nutrient storage for later application. In addition:
- Calibrate your nutrient application equipment regularly so
that you can follow the rate specified in your NMP or NASM plan;
- Follow setbacks to surface water required by the NMP or NASM
plan for the site;
- Mark all tile outlets and tile inlets for nutrient application
and inspection purposes;
- For a direct flow system use two people with a radio link
or an automatic shutdown system;
- Follow the NMP or NASM plan for the appropriate tillage practices;
- Avoid spreading before rain events.
12.4.2 To Stop A Spill
- Immediately stop the cause of the spill if possible;
- Shut down the appropriate pumps and valves;
- Ensure the system cannot be restarted; and
- Then contact the 24 hour Spills Action Centre at 1-800-268-6060.
12.4.3 To Contain the Spill
- Minimize opportunity for nutrients to enter tile drain or
plug the tile in the event flow appears to be contaminating
the tile drains;
- If the spill is moving over the ground surface, an earthen
berm should be built with farm or commercial equipment, such
as backhoes or dump trucks; and
- Notify downstream users.
The following contacts should be posted by all phones for immediate
access in case of a spill:
- Spills Action Centre (1-800-268-6060);
- bulldozer or backhoe operator;
- municipality; and
12.5 Weather or Equipment Conditions Impeding
Planned Storage or Application
12.5.1 Timing Change
When the timing of a nutrient application must be changed, adjust
nutrient amounts to reflect the change in timing. In making such
adjustments, however, you must not exceed the maximum annual nutrient
application rate or the maximum rate per application and must
comply with the requirements of the Regulation.
Adjust subsequent applications of nutrients to accommodate the
change in timing of the nutrient application and record the change
in your NMP or NASM plan.
12.5.2 Crop Change
Nutrient amounts and formulation should be adjusted (where possible)
to account for a change in crop. If the nutrients have already
been applied, the amount and formulation should be adjusted for
the next crop where possible, to account for the previous crop
12.5.3 Commercial Fertilizer Blend Change
Where the nutrient composition that is listed in the NMP or NASM
plan is altered, the altered formulation should be reflected in
the NMP or NASM plan. Subsequent nutrient applications should
reflect changes to the original NMP or NASM plan.
12.6 Managing Off-Farm Source Material
Where the farm has a regulated mixed AD facility present, there
may be off-farm materials stored on the property. The contingency
plan must have some plan for dealing with any material that may
not be able to be used in the AD facility for any reason. The
operator may consider other disposal methods such as landfilling,
composting or other processing methods that may be permitted.
12.7 Managing the VFSS
Where the farm unit has made use of a VFSS to deal with the runoff,
the contingency plan must consider and outline options for how
to safely dispose of the runoff if the VFSS fails to function
effectively. The contingency plan must demonstrate how the runoff
can be managed until the VFSS is once again functioning properly.