December 2003 Nutrient
Management Protocol for Ontario Regulation 267/03 Made under the
Nutrient Management Act, 2002
Part 5 - Nutrient Management Strategy for Agricultural Operations
Table of Contents
- Required Contents of a Nutrient Management Strategy
(Part 3 of the Regulation)
5.1 Review and Renewal of a Nutrient management
A nutrient management strategy is a 5-year strategy that should
be reviewed by the generator annually to ensure that it is still
relevant and accurate. It is also necessary to identify and explain
any deviation from the strategy in records that are kept of actual
events. Part 11 of the Regulation sets out the requirements for
record keeping and these are further detailed in Part 14 of the
Some situations require that a nutrient management strategy be
renewed earlier than five years: Regulation Part 3. These situations
there is a change in ownership or control of the farm unit
that adversely affects the capacity of the farmer to implement
the nutrient management strategy such as a change in type of
livestock or the loss of some existing agreements;
the end of a year in which there is an increase of 20% or
more in the quantity of nutrients generated in the course of
the operation at the farm unit since the first year during which
the strategy was in force;
a change in the use of nutrients generated in the course
of the operation, including a change from applying the nutrients
to the land to having an intermediate generator process them;
the loss of available destinations resulting in an amount
of prescribed materials being generated that exceeds the amount
that the strategy can accommodate;
the quantity of agricultural source material transferred
to any single farm unit or non-agricultural operation increases
by at least 30 nutrient units in one year, provided the increase
is at least 10 per cent of the number of nutrient units transferred
to the agricultural operation in the previous year.
It should be noted that it is also possible for a
provincial officer or Director under the Act to issue an order
under Section 29 or 30 of the Act requiring that the strategy
At least 90 days before the fifth anniversary of the date that
approval was given to a nutrient management strategy, the farmer
who owns or controls the agricultural operation being carried
out at the farm unit must submit a new nutrient management strategy
or in other words, a "renewed" strategy, for the Director's approval:
Regulation, Part 4.
5.2 Required Contents of a Nutrient Management
Strategy (Part 3 of the Regulation)
The nutrient management strategy is a subset of the printouts
that NMAN can provide or the applicable sections of the workbook
as well as the forms found in Part 15 of this protocol.
A completed nutrient management strategy would be available for
inspection and must include:
- Farm unit information and identifier numbers
- Description of the operation
- Farm Unit declaration form including location, roll #, generator
or not, name
- Farm unit sketch
- List of prescribed materials generated -manure/nutrient information
(type, analysis etc)
- Analysis of nutrient content
- Destinations of nutrients generated
- Storage information- yearly amount, days of storage, amount
remaining including storage sizing calculation
- Contingency plan
- Sign-off form
These requirements are explained in more detail below.
5.2.1 Farm Unit Information and Identifier Numbers
1. Farm Unit Information:
A regulated operation that generates less than 150 NU will not
receive an "operation identifier" unless one is requested and
the Director determines it is necessary to assign one. These farmers
require operation identifiers only where they receive material
from someone who is required to record an operation identifier,
or transfer material to someone who is required to record an operation
identifier. OMAF will be responsible for assigning operation identifiers.
2. Description of the Operation:
The description must give details about the general type of operation
for which the nutrient management strategy is being prepared as
well as the size of operation and the prescribed material being
produced and/or received. It must include the name and contact
information for the operator of the operation if that has not
already been done using NMAN. The description should indicate
whether the nutrient management strategy is new or a renewal.
3. Farm Unit Declaration Form:
For an agricultural operation only, a Farm Unit Declaration is
required. It identifies the contact information for the farm unit
operator and identifies the facilities and land base associated
with the operation. The Farm Unit Declaration is described in
Part 2 of this protocol and can be completed using the Farm Unit
Declaration Form in Part 15 of this protocol. The farm unit must
comply with the rules set out in Part 1 of the Regulation.
Any agreements required by the strategy must be signed and copies
attached to the nutrient management strategy. There are two types
of agreements recognized by the Regulation and they can be found
in Part 15 of this Protocol. In addition, the Protocol has provided
for a third type of agreement to address a situation where one
person controls land application and another continues to farm
the given parcel of land. The following agreements and any other
agreement that establishes control of land within the farm unit
need to be included in the strategy. The agreements are:
This agreement is required for a transfer from
a generator who is required by the Regulation to have a nutrient
management strategy to a broker, or, from a broker to a receiver
who is required by the Regulation to have a nutrient management
Each party to the agreement must have a signed
Brokers must have the identifier of each generator
or receiver who is subject to the Regulation and with whom they
have an agreement, if an operation identifier has been previously
assigned by the Ministry.
Nutrient Transfer Agreement
Where an owner /operator of one operation intends to have another
person manage the prescribed materials s/he has generated, then
a Nutrient Transfer Agreement is required to be executed by:
the generator of the prescribed material and the owner or
controller of any other farm unit required to have a nutrient
management plan under the Regulation or
intermediate operation to whom the prescribed material is
transferred for management.
The agreement must include the identifier for the generator and
the person to whom the material is transferred, if an operation
identifier has been previously assigned by the Ministry. The agreement
must also include a statement setting out the quantity
of prescribed material that is to be transferred.
This form indicates that nutrients are being transferred to or
from a farm unit and implies that the nutrient management strategy
and/or plan of each farm unit reflects that transfer. This form
must be signed by the supplier and the receiver and must be included
in the nutrient management strategy or plan for the supplier and
the receiver of the agricultural source materials.
An application agreement may be necessary if:
the land is not part of the land base owned by the generator,
the landowner or another person is still engaged in farming
on the property, and
the generator intends to manage the application of nutrients
to the land.
The agreement demonstrates
the landowner consents to the application; and
for the duration of the agreement, the land that is the subject
matter of the agreement is treated as part of the farm unit
of the person applying the nutrients.
Therefore, the land must also be identified on the Farm Unit
Declaration of the applier's farm unit.
5. Farm Unit Sketch:
Maps or sketches can be hand drawn, photos, or computer generated.
A farm unit operator/controller may choose to do more than one
sketch if it is not possible to show the land belonging to the
farm unit on one sketch or if there is too much information for
one sketch. NMAN has placeholders for scanned images or links
to picture files. Every map or sketch should be neat and readable
and be presented with the direction north to the top of the page,
denoted by a north arrow.
The sketch must address the following items (either by including
them or stating that they do not exist):
Location of the entire land base declared in the farm unit:
Land that is owned or controlled (rented or leased) or for
which there is an Application Agreement
Road names, municipal boundaries, neighbours, and other local
Location of generation facilities and storage(s):
Permanent, temporary and proposed generating facilities
Permanent, temporary and proposed storage facilities and
- Dimensions of all generating and storage facilities and sites
- Distance between facilities and lot lines
Distance to sensitive features within the farm unit and outside
within regulated distances:
Known wells (includes gas, oil, test and water wells)
Surface water (as defined in Part 1 of the Regulation)
Other non-agricultural land uses
5.2.2 Inventory and Description of Prescribed Materials Generated
6. List of Prescribed Materials Generated:
Every nutrient management strategy must have a summary of all
the prescribed materials and volumes generated by the operation.
The summary should identify whether each material is liquid or
Note: when a farm that generates nutrients also receives
nutrients, the receipt of the nutrients must be dealt with in
the nutrient management plan.
All the calculations required to determine the volume of manure
generated are done using the NMAN program or workbook, based upon
the following rule:
Farm animal Numbers
"Farm animals" is defined in the Act as: "livestock, including
poultry and ratites, fur-bearing animals, bees, cultured fish,
deer and elk, game animals and birds or any additional animals,
birds or fish prescribed by the regulations". For NU and manure
storage calculations on new or expanding facilities the number
of farm animals must be equal to or greater than the number determined
using the Housing Capacity Guidelines (contained in NMAN software
program) or documentation must be included indicating that the
maximum housing capacity of the barn is less than the Housing
For existing facilities; NU and manure storage calculations are
based on declared usage of the facility.
For all facilities, manure production (and consequent land base
calculations) is based on declared housing usage of the facilities.
In all cases, a comprehensive, written explanation must be included
if the declared housing usage is less than the maximum housing
capacity of the barn.
If the nutrient management strategy utilizes animal weights that
are lower than the values provided by the Manure Storage Component
(MSTOR) of NMAN, a comprehensive, written explanation must be
included to justify the lower weights.
The total volume of liquid or solid manure for each type of farm
animal generated annually on the farm unit must be provided.
Other Prescribed Materials
The quantity of prescribed materials, other than manure generated
at an operation must be listed using industry-specific documentation
or records from previous time periods that can project the quantity
to be produced over the time period to be covered by the nutrient
7. Analysis of Nutrient Content:
A nutrient analysis for each of the prescribed materials listed
in the nutrient management strategy must be provided. After preparation
of the first nutrient management strategy then farm units generating
more than 300 NU must always use a laboratory for the nutrient
analysis. However for farms that are less than 300 NU the nutrient
analysis can be determined either by conducting laboratory analysis
or by applying the average values found in the NMAN databank.
The NMAN databank depends on the type of prescribed material and
the percentage of dry matter projected to be in the material.
The laboratory analysis or the databank results, as the case may
be, must be incorporated into the nutrient management strategy
at least once every 5 years.
Sampling and Laboratory Analysis
Sampling and laboratory analysis must be conducted in accordance
with Part 9 of the Regulation and the "Sampling and Analysis Protocol".
If laboratory analysis produces results that vary by more than
30% of the NMAN databank values, documentation is required to
justify the difference. It should be noted that management practices
or feed additives could potentially alter the nutrient content
of a farm animal's manure.
In cases where adequate documentation of the reasons for the
variation in the nutrient content of the manure is not provided,
the operator must follow one (or more) of the following options:
Have the laboratory re-analyze the sample, to ensure the
variation was not the result of lab error;
Re-sample the manure, and have this sample analyzed; or
If the operation is less than 300 NU, use the databank values
for the appropriate manure type.
If manure nutrients are modified due to the use of feed additives,
adequate information must be attached to verify that the feed
additive was actually used, and to verify the influence of the
additive on the nutrient content of the manure. In addition, records
must be maintained to confirm the continued use of the additive.
5.2.3 Description of Nutrient Destinations
For all prescribed materials generated on the farm unit or other
operation, a detailed, written description of their intended destination
is required. The description should include:
the quantity and type of prescribed materials;
any applicable signed agreements
where prescribed materials are not intended to be used for
nutrient purposes, the location and name of the destination
of the materials; and
where prescribed materials are intended to be used for nutrient
purposes, the location and name of the destination of the materials
including a statement as to whether the materials are to be:
applied to land according to the nutrient management
plan for the same farm unit under an Application Agreement,
transferred to the nutrient management strategy of another
farm unit under a Nutrient Transfer Agreement, or
transferred to another farm unit or operation which is
not required to have a NMP or NMS under the Regulation,
transferred to an intermediate operation by a Nutrient
Transfer Agreement, or
transferred to a broker under a Broker Agreement.
5.2.4 Storage Information
9. Storage Facilities
Storage facilities on the farm units or operations must be listed.
For each storage facility, a written description is required that
gives the capacity, dimensions and type of storage (for example:
circular, rectangle, pile, covered, exposed to precipitation).
Nutrient storage facilities must comply with "Part VIII: Siting
and Construction Standards" set out in the Regulation and
the Construction and Siting Protocol, December 10, 2003.
5.2.5 Contingency Plan and Sign-off form
10. Contingency Plans
A written contingency plan is required to describe actions in
the event the nutrient management strategy cannot be followed.
See Part 11 of this Protocol for more detail on contingency planning.
11. Sign-off form
The "Nutrient Management Strategy or Plan Sign-off form" found
in Part 15of this Protocol serves as a sign-off document for the
farmer, the person who prepared the nutrient management strategy.