2.1 Defining Farm Units for Agricultural Operations
Agricultural operations can be carried out on a land base referred
to as a "farm unit". The first step a farmer should take
to begin this process is to determine the size of the farm unit(s)
and the expected number of nutrient units that will be generated
by each farm unit as per the requirements of Part 1 in the Regulation.
A declaration then has to be made that identifies all the land
and any facilities in the farm unit. The Farm Unit Declaration
Form, which is found in Part 16.1 of this Protocol, is used to
make this declaration. One form is required for each farm unit
declared and where an operation identifier has been provided by
the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food (OMAF), it must be
recorded on the Farm Unit Declaration Form.
The following should be noted:
Farmers may declare more than one farm unit within
Farmers may carry on more than one type of operation
within a given farm unit.
At a minimum, a farm unit must be comprised of all
of the land that is contained in a single transfer under the Land
Registration Reform Act, that is a farm unit can be no smaller
than a single deed.
There is no minimum land ownership requirement for
the land included in the farm unit.
Manure/Biosolid Application Agreements, leases or
rental agreements can be used to include properties in a farm
unit. The Act and the Regulation are only concerned with management
as it relates to the application of nutrients on the land. It
is possible for one person to control a piece of property for
the purposes of the Act and Regulation and another person to continue
to plant and harvest crops on the property.
There is no maximum amount or cap on the numbers of
farm animals on a farm unit: Regulation, Part 1. However, each
nutrient unit generated must be dealt with in a nutrient management
strategy and each nutrient unit that will be applied to land must
be addressed in a nutrient management plan as required by the
A nutrient management strategy and/or nutrient management
plan must be completed for each farm unit that has met the requirements
for phase-in under the Regulation.
Where a farm unit declaration form has been submitted,
the operation identifier must be noted on the nutrient
management strategy and nutrient management plan for each farm
2.2 Non-Agricultural Operations
Under the Regulation, a non-agricultural operation is an operation
that generates non-agricultural source materials which are intended
to be land-applied Regulation: Part 1.
Examples of these operations are: