Ontario's Wildlife Damage Compensation Program

Completing a Program Application Form A Resource for Investigators

The Ontario Wildlife Damage Compensation Program (OWDCP) provides compensation to eligible producers whose livestock and/or poultry have been injured or killed as a result of wildlife predation or whose bee colonies, beehives and/or beehive-related equipment has been damaged as a result of wildlife predation.

How to Complete the Application Form

Refer to the application form posted on the OMAFRA website.

Step 1 - Owner Identification & Basic Eligibility Requirements

  • Have the owner complete Step 1.
  • Ensure the owner fills out the eligibility requirements section which includes providing a Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) Number, Farm Business Registration Number (FBRN) and a Premises Identification Number (PID).
  • Check to ensure all information is complete in Step 1.
  • Applicants without a CRA Number need to provide their Social Insurance Number to the Municipality and/or OMAFRA when requested.
  • Applications missing a FBRN or PID are ineligible under the program and will not be processed until this information is provided.
    • Applicants that do not have an FBRN (valid in the current or previous calendar year) must qualify for an exemption and provide proof of that exemption in order to be eligible for compensation under the program.
  • If information is missing, ministry staff will contact the municipality to get the information before the application is processed, which may result in a delay to the processing timelines or an application being deemed ineligible if this information is not provided.
  • If the Owner has an email address, it is recommended to include it in order to facilitate any communication regarding the application.

Step 2 - Investigator Information

  • Fill in your contact information.
  • Phone and email is required in case ministry staff need to get in touch about a question regarding the application.

Step 3 - Description of Damages

  • Fill in the injury/kill date (date of the attack).
  • Indicate the type of damages being reported, either death or injury of the animal(s).
  • Include any paid veterinary receipts for relevant livestock/poultry injuries (If applicable).
Injured Animals
  • Producers should immediately seek veterinary care or other treatment to prevent further suffering of an injured animal. If the animal is in distress and suffering, the producer may euthanize it before you (the investigator) arrive.
  • Veterinary care costs are eligible under this program up to the Fair Market Value of the livestock. Costs related to a producer's on-farm "inventory" of medications do count as an eligible expense. In this case, proof is required that a vet directed the drug use as a treatment for the injury and the producer must provide a receipt for the medication purchase.
  • All veterinary or medication receipts and invoices should be saved and submitted with the application.

Step 4 - Description of Livestock and Signs of Predation

The information reported in this section will be used to calculate the value of the predated animal. The following fields must be included in order to assign fair market value to the livestock producer:

  • Number of head
  • Species and type of animal (e.g. chicken, lamb, steer, etc.)
  • Estimated live weight in pounds - this is used to calculate pricing based on the weight categories of market animals
  • Age of animal(s) - this is used to calculate young stock pricing (lambs, steers, etc.)
  • Sex of animal(s)
  • Your declaration as to whether or not there is sufficient evidence to determine that the livestock or poultry death/injury was caused by an eligible wildlife species
  • Whether any available premiums apply including, pregnant, registered or poultry breeding stock. Required documentation must be provided by the producer and can be found in Table 1. An example of a breeding record can be found in Figure 1.

Table 1. Required Documentation for Livestock Premiums

Available Premium Required Documentation
Breeding records required. Can include a handwritten breeding record or a pregnancy scanning report from a veterinarian or technician (see Figure 1).
Breed registration documents linking to the ID tag or tattoo must be provided for the animal. Alternatively, parental registration papers and documentation demonstrating a genetic link can be provided.
Poultry breeding stock
Sales receipts and proof of pedigree are required.
An Example of a Pregnancy Scanning Report in Beef

An Example of a Pregnancy Scanning Report in Beef

Step 5 - Evidence of Predation

Indicate and document evidence of predation based on the kill/injury site evidence. Fully detailed descriptions in the application will assist OMAFRA in assessing the claim. All statements must be substantiated by photographic evidence.

  • Describe in detail any evidence that animal was alive prior to the attack. Examples could include but are not limited to the hoof membrane of a newborn animal being worn, manure or dirt on the hooves, the animal having identification markers (ID tag, tattoo, ear notch, leg band, etc.), young animals licked or dried off, etc.
  • Describe in detail any evidence that the livestock/poultry bled from the attack. This could include blood on the body or around the area where it was attacked.
  • Describe in detail any signs of tissue damage (bruising or hemorrhaging) under or around the lacerations or puncture wounds on the hide.
  • Describe in detail any other signs of predation. Examples could include drag marks on the ground, broken vegetation, predator tracks, scat, fur, etc.

Step 6 - Description of Livestock and Signs of Predation

  • Identify the predator species. A list of Eligible Wildlife Species can be found below:

Eligible Wildlife Species for Damage to Livestock and Poultry

  • Bear
  • Bobcat
  • Cougar
  • Coyote
  • Crow
  • Eagle
  • Elk
  • Fisher
  • Fox
  • Hawk
  • Lynx
  • Mink
  • Raccoon
  • Raven
  • Vulture
  • Weasel
  • Wolf
  • Provide a description of the events and the attack site. Items to highlight could include:
    • Outline any secondary details to support wildlife identification (e.g., tracks, how the animal was attacked, if a predator was seen in the area) and support the primary evidence outlined above.
    • Note weather conditions and their potential impact on the available site evidence. (For example, +30 degrees Celsius so not a lot of the carcass left due to decomposition, or rain events for days which washed away the blood on the carcass and around the site, etc.)
    • Indicate any behaviour exhibited by the herd or flock after the attack. (For example, pacing the fence, balling, spooked, etc.)
Photographic Evidence
  • Provide 3-6 digital colour photos per individual livestock or poultry. The more photos the better. Three example photos can be found in Figure 1 - 3. Photos should be taken in colour, and high quality. Photos should include:
    • Required:
      • A close up photo of all injuries and/or wounds sustained (e.g., bite marks, wounds, lacerations, bleeding, bruising, etc.)
      • A photo of the entire animal showing all injuries and/ or wounds sustained.
      • Photos of the location where the incident occurred, including any evidence of a predatory struggle (e.g., blood splatters and trails, drag marks, torn-up earth or vegetation, predator tracks, scat, etc.)
    • Recommended:
      • Photo of ear tag(s), tattoo(s) or other forms of identification such as paint brands or ear notches, if available. (May not be available on young animals or carcasses which have ears eaten off)
      • Photo of the hooves, if it is a young animal, if available.
      • Photos of any other relevant items from the attack site, examples could include the entry point of the predator, damage to the fence, and photos of weather conditions to name a few.
  • Provide a description of how the photos support the evidence of predation on the Application Form.
  • If there are applicable photos taken by the owner that support the evidence you have collected, encourage the producer to submit these photos as additional evidence.

A picture of wounds sustained.

Figure 1. A picture of wounds sustained.

A wide angle picture of location.

Figure 2. A wide angle picture of location.

A picture of the kill site and animal.

Figure 3. A picture of the kill site and animal.

Step 7 - Reasonable Care

The following information will be used to assess whether reasonable efforts have been taken to prevent the injury or death of livestock or poultry. Provide information on:

  • Herd/ flock size (number of adult head for example number of ewes or cows).
  • Overall health condition of remaining herd/flock.
  • Deadstock disposal practices on-farm.
  • Livestock inspection frequency.
  • If fencing is present, the condition the fencing is in as well as the type of fencing being utilized (e.g. 5 strand electric fencing, rail fencing, page wire, mesh wire fence, electric netting, etc.).
  • Presence of livestock guardian animal(s) such as a dog, donkey or llama.
  • Assess whether reasonable care was provided by the owner based on your conversation above with the owner. Other predation prevention measures could include predation deterrents (visual / noise), hunting or trapping - detail in the Comments field if applicable.

Upon submitting five application forms in one calendar year, the owner must complete and submit a Reasonable Care Plan. OMAFRA will contact the owner in this case and provide them with the required document.

Step 8 - Municipal Investigator Declaration and Signature

  • Attest that the findings of your investigation were fully documented and truthful by signing and dating the application.

Step 9 - Owner Declaration and Signature

  • Have the owner indicate if they will be providing additional evidence, which may not be currently available, to the municipality within seven (7) business days of the investigation. The owner must also sign the application, which binds them to the terms and conditions of the program.
  • The owner should review the completed application form and ensure all details provided by the investigator are accurate and enough detail is provided.
  • Have the owner sign the completed application form to attest that the evidence provided is correct.
  • Territorial investigators are responsible for submitting additional evidence provided by the owner, within seven (7) business days of the investigation, to the program administrator via email at wildlife.damage@ontario.ca or mail:

    Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs
    Attention: OWDCP Program Administrator
    1 Stone Road West, 4th Floor NW
    Guelph, ON N1G 4Y2

Step 10 - Submitting a Program Application

  • Municipal investigators must submit an application within seven (7) business days of conducting an investigation. A copy of the report should be provided to:
    • The owner of the livestock/ poultry.
    • The Clerk of the municipality in which the livestock/ poultry were injured or killed.
  • Territorial investigators must submit an application within seven (7) business days of conducting an investigation. A copy of the report should be provided to:
    • The owner of the livestock/ poultry.
    • The program administrator (OMAFRA).
Ineligible Applications
  • Farm Business Registration Number (FBRN) is invalid in the current and/or previous year or it is not associated with the applicant.
  • Ontario Premises Identification (PID) Number is invalid.
  • Livestock species is not eligible.
  • Predator species is not eligible.
  • Application is incomplete.
  • The livestock or poultry was diseased or sick.
  • The owner is not in compliance with Ontario Regulation 106/09 of the Nutrient Management Act or Ontario Regulation 105/09 of the Food Safety Quality Act (FSQA).

For more information:
Toll Free: 1-877-424-1300
E-mail: ag.info.omafra@ontario.ca
Author: OMAFRA Staff
Creation Date: 01 October 2018
Last Reviewed: 29 January 2019