Ontario's Wildlife Damage
Completing a Program Application Form A Resource for Investigators
The Ontario Wildlife Damage Compensation Program (OWDCP) provides
compensation to eligible producers whose livestock and/or poultry
have been injured or killed as a result of wildlife predation or
whose bee colonies, beehives and/or beehive-related equipment has
been damaged as a result of wildlife predation.
How to Complete the Application Form
Refer to the application form posted on the OMAFRA
Step 1 - Owner Identification & Basic Eligibility
- Have the owner complete Step 1.
- Ensure the owner fills out the eligibility requirements section
which includes providing a Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) Number,
Farm Business Registration Number (FBRN) and a Premises Identification
- Check to ensure all information is complete in Step 1.
- Applicants without a CRA Number need to provide their Social
Insurance Number to the Municipality and/or OMAFRA when requested.
- Applications missing a FBRN or PID are ineligible under the
program and will not be processed until this information is provided.
- Applicants that do not have an FBRN (valid in the current
or previous calendar year) must qualify for an exemption and
provide proof of that exemption in order to be eligible for
compensation under the program.
- If information is missing, ministry staff will contact the municipality
to get the information before the application is processed, which
may result in a delay to the processing timelines or an application
being deemed ineligible if this information is not provided.
- If the Owner has an email address, it is recommended to include
it in order to facilitate any communication regarding the application.
Step 2 - Investigator Information
- Fill in your contact information.
- Phone and email is required in case ministry staff need to get
in touch about a question regarding the application.
Step 3 - Description of Damages
- Fill in the injury/kill date (date of the attack).
- Indicate the type of damages being reported, either death or
injury of the animal(s).
- Include any paid veterinary receipts for relevant livestock/poultry
injuries (If applicable).
- Producers should immediately seek veterinary care or other treatment
to prevent further suffering of an injured animal. If the animal
is in distress and suffering, the producer may euthanize it before
you (the investigator) arrive.
- Veterinary care costs are eligible under this program up to
the Fair Market Value of the livestock. Costs related to a producer's
on-farm "inventory" of medications do count as an eligible
expense. In this case, proof is required that a vet directed the
drug use as a treatment for the injury and the producer must provide
a receipt for the medication purchase.
- All veterinary or medication receipts and invoices should be
saved and submitted with the application.
Step 4 - Description of Livestock and Signs of Predation
The information reported in this section will be used to calculate
the value of the predated animal. The following fields must
be included in order to assign fair market value to the livestock
- Number of head
- Species and type of animal (e.g. chicken, lamb, steer, etc.)
- Estimated live weight in pounds - this is used to calculate
pricing based on the weight categories of market animals
- Age of animal(s) - this is used to calculate young stock pricing
(lambs, steers, etc.)
- Sex of animal(s)
- Your declaration as to whether or not there is sufficient evidence
to determine that the livestock or poultry death/injury was caused
by an eligible wildlife species
- Whether any available premiums apply including, pregnant, registered
or poultry breeding stock. Required documentation must be provided
by the producer and can be found in Table 1. An example of a breeding
record can be found in Figure 1.
Table 1. Required Documentation for Livestock Premiums
Breeding records required. Can include a handwritten
breeding record or a pregnancy scanning report from a veterinarian
or technician (see Figure 1).
Breed registration documents linking to the
ID tag or tattoo must be provided for the animal. Alternatively,
parental registration papers and documentation demonstrating
a genetic link can be provided.
Poultry breeding stock
Sales receipts and proof of pedigree are required.
An Example of a Pregnancy Scanning Report in Beef
Step 5 - Evidence of Predation
Indicate and document evidence of predation based on the kill/injury
site evidence. Fully detailed descriptions in the application will
assist OMAFRA in assessing the claim. All statements must be substantiated
by photographic evidence.
- Describe in detail any evidence that animal was alive prior
to the attack. Examples could include but are not limited to the
hoof membrane of a newborn animal being worn, manure or dirt on
the hooves, the animal having identification markers (ID tag,
tattoo, ear notch, leg band, etc.), young animals licked or dried
- Describe in detail any evidence that the livestock/poultry bled
from the attack. This could include blood on the body or around
the area where it was attacked.
- Describe in detail any signs of tissue damage (bruising or hemorrhaging)
under or around the lacerations or puncture wounds on the hide.
- Describe in detail any other signs of predation. Examples could
include drag marks on the ground, broken vegetation, predator
tracks, scat, fur, etc.
Step 6 - Description of Livestock and Signs of Predation
- Identify the predator species. A list of Eligible Wildlife Species
can be found below:
Eligible Wildlife Species for Damage to Livestock and Poultry
- Provide a description of the events and the attack site. Items
to highlight could include:
- Outline any secondary details to support wildlife identification
(e.g., tracks, how the animal was attacked, if a predator
was seen in the area) and support the primary evidence outlined
- Note weather conditions and their potential impact on the
available site evidence. (For example, +30 degrees Celsius
so not a lot of the carcass left due to decomposition, or
rain events for days which washed away the blood on the carcass
and around the site, etc.)
- Indicate any behaviour exhibited by the herd or flock after
the attack. (For example, pacing the fence, balling, spooked,
- Provide 3-6 digital colour photos per individual livestock or
poultry. The more photos the better. Three example photos can
be found in Figure 1 - 3. Photos should be taken in colour, and
high quality. Photos should include:
- A close up photo of all injuries and/or wounds sustained
(e.g., bite marks, wounds, lacerations, bleeding, bruising,
- A photo of the entire animal showing all injuries and/
or wounds sustained.
- Photos of the location where the incident occurred,
including any evidence of a predatory struggle (e.g.,
blood splatters and trails, drag marks, torn-up earth
or vegetation, predator tracks, scat, etc.)
- Photo of ear tag(s), tattoo(s) or other forms of identification
such as paint brands or ear notches, if available. (May
not be available on young animals or carcasses which have
ears eaten off)
- Photo of the hooves, if it is a young animal, if available.
- Photos of any other relevant items from the attack site,
examples could include the entry point of the predator,
damage to the fence, and photos of weather conditions
to name a few.
- Provide a description of how the photos support the evidence
of predation on the Application Form.
- If there are applicable photos taken by the owner that support
the evidence you have collected, encourage the producer to submit
these photos as additional evidence.
Figure 1. A picture of wounds sustained.
Figure 2. A wide angle picture of location.
Figure 3. A picture of the kill site and animal.
Step 7 - Reasonable Care
The following information will be used to assess whether reasonable
efforts have been taken to prevent the injury or death of livestock
or poultry. Provide information on:
- Herd/ flock size (number of adult head for example number of
ewes or cows).
- Overall health condition of remaining herd/flock.
- Deadstock disposal practices on-farm.
- Livestock inspection frequency.
- If fencing is present, the condition the fencing is in as well
as the type of fencing being utilized (e.g. 5 strand electric
fencing, rail fencing, page wire, mesh wire fence, electric netting,
- Presence of livestock guardian animal(s) such as a dog, donkey
- Assess whether reasonable care was provided by the owner based
on your conversation above with the owner. Other predation prevention
measures could include predation deterrents (visual / noise),
hunting or trapping - detail in the Comments field if applicable.
Upon submitting five application forms in one calendar year, the
owner must complete and submit a Reasonable Care Plan. OMAFRA will
contact the owner in this case and provide them with the required
Step 8 - Municipal Investigator Declaration and Signature
- Attest that the findings of your investigation were fully documented
and truthful by signing and dating the application.
Step 9 - Owner Declaration and Signature
- Have the owner indicate if they will be providing additional
evidence, which may not be currently available, to the municipality
within seven (7) business days of the investigation. The owner
must also sign the application, which binds them to the terms
and conditions of the program.
- The owner should review the completed application form and ensure
all details provided by the investigator are accurate and enough
detail is provided.
- Have the owner sign the completed application form to attest
that the evidence provided is correct.
- Territorial investigators are responsible for submitting additional
evidence provided by the owner, within seven (7) business days
of the investigation, to the program administrator via email at
Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs
Attention: OWDCP Program Administrator
1 Stone Road West, 4th Floor NW
Guelph, ON N1G 4Y2
Step 10 - Submitting a Program Application
- Municipal investigators must submit an application within seven
(7) business days of conducting an investigation. A copy of the
report should be provided to:
- The owner of the livestock/ poultry.
- The Clerk of the municipality in which the livestock/ poultry
were injured or killed.
- Territorial investigators must submit an application within
seven (7) business days of conducting an investigation. A copy
of the report should be provided to:
- The owner of the livestock/ poultry.
- The program administrator (OMAFRA).
- Farm Business Registration Number (FBRN) is invalid in the current
and/or previous year or it is not associated with the applicant.
- Ontario Premises Identification (PID) Number is invalid.
- Livestock species is not eligible.
- Predator species is not eligible.
- Application is incomplete.
- The livestock or poultry was diseased or sick.
- The owner is not in compliance with Ontario Regulation 106/09
of the Nutrient Management Act or Ontario Regulation
105/09 of the Food Safety Quality Act (FSQA).
For more information:
Toll Free: 1-877-424-1300