Cropland Drainage


This eReference tool is not a substitute for specialized legal advice. Always consult a lawyer before implementing any drainage changes to your property or operations or considering any legal action.


A properly designed drainage system quickly removes excess water from farm soil. Excess soil water can occur at any time of year, and is typically most abundant from late winter to early spring, late summer to early winter, and sporadically during the growing season from heavy or prolonged rains. The need for field drainage varies from season to season. Field tiles that have remained fairly dry for several years may run water frequently or constantly during wet seasons, if water tables become high. Tiles that drain natural springs will always run water.

This section will address the following questions on drainage options:

My cropland property needs drainage improvements. Where can I find more information on subsurface tile drainage?

Visit the following links:

Where can I find a licensed tile drainage contractor?

Visit the following link:

How can I become a licensed tile drainage contractor?

Visit the following links:

How do I find information about the Tile Loan Program?

Visit the following links:

I have a problem with a tile drainage system installed by a tile drainage contractor. Where can I get more information about the licensing of tile drainage contractors?

Check out the OMAFRA factsheet Agricultural Drainage Licensing.

My neighbour is getting their fields tiled. How will this affect my well?

There should not be an impact on your well since field tiles only drain land down to the depth of the tile (generally about a metre). During the summer, tiles only intercept rain that falls directly above them, so the impact on summer recharge is negligible.


For more information:
Toll Free: 1-877-424-1300
E-mail: ag.info.omafra@ontario.ca