Government Roles and Responsibilities for Food Safety in Ontario

Health Canada establishes policies and standards governing the safety and nutritional quality of all food sold in Canada, and carries out foodborne disease surveillance for early detection and warning. Enhanced public health surveillance systems are in place at all times to provide immediate information on outbreaks of foodborne illnesses.

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) administers and enforces all federal legislation related to food inspection, agricultural inputs and animal and plant health. The CFIA performs this role on behalf of Health Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and Fishers and Oceans Canada. The CFIA is responsible for inspecting and regulating federally registered establishments, which are generally those that move products across provincial or national boundaries.


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