Ontario Marking Requirements for Fresh Fruit & Vegetables at Retail

Ontario Regulation 119/11 Produce, Honey and Maple Products under the Food Safety and Quality Act, 2001

Packages (including master containers) at retail must indicate:

    image of sample brochure
  • Name and full address of the packer or the person or company for whom the produce was packed (your store name and full address, if you packed the produce)
  • Common name of the produce (if the produce is not clearly visible and identifiable)
  • For produce imported from outside of Canada and repacked in Ontario, the country of origin stated as "Product of", "Produce of", "Grown in" or "Country of Origin" followed by the name of the country where the produce was grown or harvested
  • For produce grown or harvested in Canada, the country of origin stated as "Product of", "Produce of", "Grown in", "Country of Origin" or "Province of Origin" followed by the word "Canada" or the name of the province where the produce was grown or harvested
  • For peppers the word "Sweet" or "Hot" as appropriate
  • For potatoes:
    • Until June 30, 2016, grade (see chart below)
    • Yellow fleshed potatoes must be marked as "Yellow fleshed Potatoes"

Exceptions (the above does not apply to):

  • Packages of 1.14 litres or less of raspberries or strawberries packaged in the field.
  • Packages or produce packaged in a wrapper or confining band less than ½ inch (one cm) in width
  • Master containers where the labels on the packages of produce inside the master container are easily and clearly visible

Misrepresentation:

  • Any false or misleading information on any label, package, container or master container of produce; any advertisement for produce or any retail display sign for produce is prohibited, particularly:
    • name and full address of the packer or for whom the produce was packed
    • the place where the produce was grown or harvested
    • the amount of produce contained in a package or master container
    • any grade of potatoes as set out in O. Reg. 119/11

Retail display signs must indicate:

  • For produce imported from outside of Canada and repacked in Ontario, the country of origin stated as "Product of", "Produce of", "Grown in" or "Country of Origin" followed by the name of the country where the produce was grown or harvested
  • For produce grown or harvested in Canada, the country of origin stated as "Product of", "Produce of", "Grown in", "Country of Origin" or "Province of Origin" followed by the word "Canada" or the name of the province where the produce was grown or harvested
  • For peppers the word "Sweet" or "Hot"
  • Price per unit of weight, if sold by weight
  • Foodland Ontario symbols can be used on signage for Ontario produce but not as replacement for country of origin requirements. For more information visit www.foodland.gov.on.ca

Advertisements (written or otherwise) must indicate:

  • For produce imported from outside of Canada and repacked in Ontario, the country of origin stated as "Product of", "Produce of", "Grown in" or "Country of Origin" followed by the name of the country where the produce was grown or harvested
  • For produce grown or harvested in Canada, the country of origin stated as "Product of", "Produce of", "Grown in", "Country of Origin" or "Province of Origin" followed by the word "Canada" or the name of the province where the produce was grown or harvested
  • Grade for potatoes (see chart below)
  • Measure, weight or size of the package

Grades and Standards

Except for potatoes, Ontario no longer has grade names and standards for produce. Ontario grades, standards and tolerances for potatoes will be revoked on July 1, 2016 but are required until June 30, 2016. More O. Reg. 119/11 information and resources can be found at: www.ontario.ca/qy9

Ontario Potato Grades and Standards - O. Reg. 119/11

Grade Names Standard package sizes
  • Ontario No. 1 Grade
  • Ontario No. 1 Large Grade
  • Ontario No. 1 Small Grade
  • Ontario No. 2 Grade
  • Ontario Mini Grade
  • up to 1.36 kg (3 lb)
  • 2.27 kg (5 lb)
  • 4.54 kg (10 lb)
  • 9.07 kg (20 lb)
  • 22.7 kg (50 lb)
  • 34 kg (75 lb)
  • 45.4 kg (100 lb)
  • a transparent package containing 3 uniformly sized foil-wrapped potatoes sold as a unit

Federal grade names and standards exist in the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations under the Canada Agricultural Products Act for 29 commodities (listed below). If a producer/packer chooses to use a federal grade, he/she must ensure that the commodity meets the requirements as set out in the regulation. Federal legislation falls under the jurisdiction of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). More information on federal grade names and standards can be found on the CFIA website at www.inspection.gc.ca/food/fresh-fruits-and-vegetables/eng/1299851780148/1299851838488

FEDERAL GRADES - Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations

Fruits Vegetables
Apples
Apricots
Blueberries
Cantaloup
Cherries
Crabapples
Cranberries
Grapes
Peaches
Pears
Plums
Prunes
Rhubarb (Field)
Strawberries
Asparagus
Beets
Brussels Sprouts
Cabbage
Carrots
Cauliflower
Celery
Corn (Sweet)
Cucumbers (Field)
Cucumbers (Greenhouse)
Head Lettuce
Onions
Parsnips
Potatoes
Rutabagas
Tomatoes (Field)
Tomatoes (Greenhouse)

For more information or to obtain laminated posters:
Telephone: 519-826-4655 or 1-888-466-2372 Ext. 64655
Email: foodinspection@ontario.ca



Author: Suzete Moniz, Regulatory and Standards Coordinator/OMAFRA
Creation Date: 14 February 2013
Last Reviewed: 14 February 2013