A flowchart describing information for Ontario livestock producers - Emergency Slaughter

Emergency Slaughter (ES) provisions in Ontario Regulation 31/05 (Meat) made under the Food Safety and Quality Act, 2001 (FSQA) allow for the humane slaughter of a food animal outside of a slaughter plant that is injured, escaped or dangerous and the transport of its carcass to an abattoir licensed by the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA) for dressing and processing. Under these provisions, this animal receives ante and post mortem inspection and is therefore inspected. The meat from this animal may be approved for human consumption and can be sold, distributed, shared, or donated to the public.

If you have an otherwise healthy food animal that is injured, escaped or dangerous and you want to send it's carcass to a provincially licensed abattoir for processing, you need to start the process by contacting:

A VS/RV must authorize the Emergency Slaughter as the VS/RV will determine the conditions that a producer must follow. The meat plant must agree to accept the ES carcass

After the meat plant has agreed to accept the ES carcass and a VS/RV has authorized the ES, the food animal must undergo an ante mortem inspection by an individual appointed as an inspector under the FSQA

If food animal does not pass ante mortem inspection and cannot be sent to an abattoir. Follow VS/RV stated disposition (e.g. euthanasia, on farm slaughter for personal consumption). (end)

Or food animal passes ante mortem inspection and the producer can humanely slaughter (stun and bleed) the food animal

If the animal is a head of cattle, contact the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) for a permit to transport the carcass (Contact CFIA at 1-866-788-8155 or 1-800-442-2342). (end)

Or producer arranges transport of the carcass to a licensed meat plant specified by the VS/RV. If the carcass is a bovine, the meat plant must be permitted by the CFIA to receive such a carcass. Note that you may be charged a fee by the plant operator

At the meat plant, the carcass and/or parts must undergo a post mortem inspection by an individual appointed as an inspector under the FSQA

If the carcass and/or parts of the carcass pass post mortem inspection. The carcass and/or parts are stamped and may be sold, distributed, shared, or donated as food for human consumption

The carcass and/or parts of the carcass do not pass post mortem inspection and must be condemned and disposed of in accordance with O. Reg. 31/05

This document is for summary and information purposes only. For specific details, refer to Part VIII.1 of Ontario Regulation 31/05 (Meat)

June 29, 2017



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