Small Hive Beetle Management
Small Hive Beetle (SHB) was reported in the Niagara Region of Ontario
in May 2015 in a single, small, non-commercial operation. Following
this event, the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural
Affairs (OMAFRA) initiated an enhanced SHB surveillance program.
Since the initial finding, a total of 25 SHB-positive apiaries have
been identified in the Niagara Region and detention orders have
been issued to all positive apiaries. SHB has been found in both
commercial and small-scale operations.
As the status and presence of SHB is evolving in Ontario, the province
is transitioning from eradication to a management strategy. Effective
management of SHB is important to minimizing the spread of this
new pest. For more information, please review the SHB materials
found online at www.ontario.ca/beekeeping
or call 1-877-424-1300.
With input from the beekeeping industry, Ontario has developed
a Small Hive Beetle Management Strategy for 2016 with the following
- Minimize the impact of SHB to beekeepers
- Mitigate the spread of SHB in Ontario
- Minimize disruption of economic activity for beekeepers and
growers who require pollination services
OMAFRA's SHB Management Strategy for 2016 is built on five pillars:
Bees Act Compliance:
- Beekeepers are required to register each apiary, yard or location
where bees are kept, excluding temporary pollination yards.
- Beekeepers are obligated to report the presence of pests or
diseases, including SHB, to OMAFRA.
- No person shall receive or transport any pest within Ontario.
- OMAFRA is recommending that beekeepers declare their SHB status
to the Ontario Beekeepers Association and to fellow known beekeepers
in their immediate vicinity.
Movement Plan and Best Management Practices (BMP):
[Only applicable to beekeepers with SHB-positive apiaries subject
to a detention order(s)]
- OMAFRA may allow movement of colonies from a SHB-positive yard
depending upon the risk(s). Beekeepers are being asked to provide
- the movement plan for the colonies (that focuses on strategic
movement of colonies and risk mitigation), and
- the operation's best management practices that documents
strategies implemented to mitigate the impact and reduce the
spread of SHB.
- OMAFRA will contact beekeepers and advise them on next steps.
Next steps may include a revised movement plan and/or BMP revisions,
bee yard inspections or may allow the movement of colonies in
accordance with BMP and biosecurity practices.
Traceability & Biosecurity:
- OMAFRA is recommending that beekeepers carefully track and record
the movement of colonies among bee yards.
- OMAFRA is further recommending that beekeepers implement appropriate
biosecurity protocols based upon risk.
- Inspection of SHB-positive yards by OMAFRA prior to movement
to a non SHB-positive site (e.g. domestic pollination) may occur.
- Inspections may be random or scheduled based on elevated risk.
- OMAFRA may take regulatory action under the Bees Act or Animal
Health Act, 2009 at any time for the detainment, treatment or
destruction of non-compliant or high-risk colonies.