Of Quarantine Area For Bees
Preventing The Spread Of Small Hive Beetle In Essex County And Chatham-Kent
March 7, 2011
A quarantine area has been established for bees in Essex County
and part of the Municipality of Chatham-Kent to prevent the spread of small hive
beetle to other areas of the province and to protect the integrity of Ontario's
On March 7, 2011, the Chief Veterinarian for Ontario
issued a declaration under the Bees Act establishing
the quarantine area and outlining responsibilities for all beekeepers or persons
with beekeeping equipment within the quarantine area. As a result of the declaration,
these persons must:
- not move their bee colonies or equipment within
or out of the quarantine area without the prior written approval of the Provincial
- report any previously unreported findings of small hive beetle
to the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA)
in surveillance and treatment as directed by the Provincial Apiarist
specific biosecurity measures listed in the declaration (e.g., cleansing of footwear
and disinfection of utensils)
In September 2010, small hive beetle,
Aethina tumida, was confirmed in Essex County beekeeping operations and OMAFRA
responded immediately with quarantines on individual yards where small hive beetle
was observed. OMAFRA continues to work with the beekeeping industry and other
stakeholders to manage this new pest of honey bee colonies..
a quarantine area at this time, prior to the start of the beekeeping season provides
the best opportunity to control movement of bees and prevent the inadvertent spread
of small hive beetle from any yard where it might be present but not yet detected.
- Small hive beetle does not affect food
safety or human health.
- Small hive beetle is an emerging and invasive
pest of the European honey bee that has established in most regions of the United
States. There have been confirmed findings in southern Quebec and western Canada.
However, to date, it is not known whether small hive beetle has established a
resident population anywhere in Ontario beyond the quarantine area.
hive beetle is a significant risk to honey bee colony health and can damage beekeeping
equipment and spoil honey. It can be spread through the movement of honey bee
colonies and equipment, and beekeeper activities.
- In the fall of 2010,
quarantines were placed on 16 beekeeping yards and one processing facility in
Essex County under the Animal Health Act, 2009. In January 2011, small hive beetle
was added under the regulations of the Ontario Bees Act as a named pest. The establishment
of a quarantine area under the Bees Act complements these measures to further
control the risk of spread to other areas of the province.
- The specific
boundaries of the quarantine are all of Essex County and the part of the Municipality
of Chatham-Kent lying south-westward of a line made up of a Town Line Road, Pump
Road and Merlin Road (also known as County Road 7), as if these roadways extended
continuously from points of intersection with the shorelines of Lake St. Clair
and Lake Erie (see map).