Declaration of Quarantine

In the matter of the small hive beetle infestations in honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies in the County of Essex, in the Province of Ontario;

The purposes of this quarantine declaration are to protect those parts of the Province that are believed to be free from the presence of the small hive beetle (Aethina tumida) and to prevent, detect, control, suppress or mitigate the small hive beetle in the Quarantine Area, as this particular pest is a significant risk to managed honey bee colonies in the Province (hereinafter "the pest");

In brief, the reasons for issuing this declaration are that adult small hive beetles will seek out bee apiaries and colonies for shelter, food and a breeding area for their developing young. Their larvae are the most destructive life stage of the small hive beetle, as they feed upon bee brood, pollen, honey and tunnel through the wax combs consuming protein required for their development. Weakened and compromised honey bee apiaries and colonies are at greatest risk of small hive beetle damage. However, healthy nucleus colonies and queen banks may also be at risk. In the case of severe infestations, honey bee colonies may perish or abandon their hives; and

The pest is a new and emerging species in Ontario that was discovered in the Province in September 2010. It has the capacity to spread to new sites through its capacity to fly and through the movement of bees, honey bee colonies and bee materials:

Declaration of Quarantine

Now therefore, pursuant to section 11 of the Bees Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. B.6 (hereinafter "the Act") and the power delegated to me by the Minister of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, I hereby establish a quarantine area being the entire County of Essex and all of that part of the Municipality of Chatham-Kent lying south-westwards of a line made up of a Town Line Road, Pump Road and Merlin Road (also known as County Road 7) therein, as if these roadways extended continuously from points of intersection with the shorelines of Lake St. Clair and Lake Erie as depicted in the map appended hereto (herein "the Quarantine Area").

Until such time as this Declaration is amended or revoked, I require that all owners or custodians of premises1 in the Quarantine Area having honey bee apiaries, hives or colonies or facilities where honey bees are produced or located or where honey extraction operations are conducted:

  1. Refrain from moving any honey bee colonies or related bee or beekeeping equipment within the Quarantine Area from any premises suspected or confirmed to be infested with the pest without prior written approval issued through the Provincial Apiarist;
  2. Refrain from moving any honey bee colonies, parts of honey bee colonies, utensils used in the keeping of bees, other beekeeping equipment, bee products, bee by-products, fomites, conveyances, bees or any other biological material out of the Quarantine Area without the prior written approval by the Provincial Apiarist. The only material that may move out of the Quarantine Area is honey, mead or royal jelly that is in sealed containers and heat rendered wax or propolis that is solid and free of debris and in sealed containers;
  3. Follow all protocols for the monitoring and surveillance of the pest as may be directed by the Provincial Apiarist;
  4. When the presence of the pest is confirmed by an inspector, participate in all treatment protocols as may be directed by the Provincial Apiarist for honey bee apiaries, colonies, beekeeping equipment or soil in the immediate area;
  5. Report via telephone or email all previously unreported findings or suspected findings of the pest in any life stage or specific symptoms associated with small hive beetle in honey bee apiaries, colonies or related beekeeping equipment to the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture Food and Rural Affairs at 1-877-424-1300 or ag.info.omafra@ontario.ca within twenty-four (24) hours of detection;
  6. Examine all honey bee apiaries, colonies and related beekeeping equipment for evidence of the pest within twenty-four (24) hours prior to movement between premises within Quarantine Area;
  7. Isolate, mark and restrict access to honey bee apiaries, colonies or related beekeeping equipment suspected or confirmed by an inspector to be infested with the pest;
  8. Immediately upon leaving the vicinity of any honey bee apiaries or colonies on the premises,
    1. Thoroughly inspect all clothing, including protective beekeeping clothing and veils, to ensure it is free of small hive beetles. Handle all beekeeping material in a manner that does not cause the small hive beetle to be spread within the Quarantine Area;
    2. Cleanse all footwear of fomites capable of carrying or transmitting the small hive beetle, including soil, in the manner specified by the Provincial Apiarist before being worn at another site within the Quarantine Area; and
    3. Disinfect all utensils used in the keeping of bees, beekeeping equipment, colony and other such tools in the manner as may be specified by the Provincial Apiarist before further use at another site within the Quarantine Area;
    4. Visit non-infested sites before visiting infested sites within any premises when the presence of the pest is confirmed by an inspector, and
  9. Create and maintain complete written records of sales, purchases and any movement of any honey bee apiaries, colonies and beekeeping equipment, including the names, contact numbers and business locations of the persons concerned as well as the salient dates, a description of the colonies and their number, and any equipment involved.
  10. Until such time as this Declaration is amended or revoked, no person shall move any honey bee colonies or related bee or beekeeping equipment through the Quarantine Area without the prior written approval by the Provincial Apiarist.

Executed at Guelph, Ontario, this th day of , 2011.

Original signed by

Dr. Deborah Stark
Chief Veterinarian for Ontario

______________________________

1 In this Declaration, "premises" means land, buildings, structures, facilities, or any of them, and includes waters, temporary and portable structures, trailers that are not part of a conveyance, portable facilities and any part or parts of any of them.

Appendix

(See Map)


For more information:
Toll Free: 1-877-424-1300
E-mail: ag.info.omafra@ontario.ca
Author: Food Inspection Branch OMAFRA
Creation Date: 07 March 2011
Last Reviewed: 07 March 2011