Advantage Good Agricultural
9.4 Egg Handling
eggs are not collected and stored properly, contamination of the egg can occur.
Good Agricultural Practice applies to:
All non-quota egg farms.
Farms that hold egg quota are required to follow licence requirements of the Egg
Farmers of Ontario and are not included here.
Chicken, duck, pheasant, quail and geese egg farms.
What needs to be done
and store eggs properly to prevent contamination from occurring.
Collect eggs daily at a minimum and more frequently
in warmer weather.
Collect eggs in clean trays, baskets or containers. If
trays are made of cardboard and cannot be cleaned, they should be used only once
and then discarded. If they are reused, make sure to wash and clean them properly
with appropriate sanitizers.
Handle eggs carefully to prevent cracking.
all eggs that are cracked, leaking or extremely dirty as they are not fit for
human consumption. Dispose of them appropriately or send them to a grader for
Sort and store uncracked, undamaged
eggs on clean surfaces.
Store eggs in a refrigerator as soon as possible
Monitor the storage of eggs so that they are kept at temperatures
between 7° and 13°C (45° and 55°F).
Store empty egg trays
off the floor.
Cleaning and Grading
Separate floor eggs from
nest/cage eggs. Discuss next steps with your grader.
If you are selling
eggs beyond the farm gate, they must be graded, as outlined in OMAFRA's information
sheet titled Ontario's
Egg Sales/Grading Program.
Did you know?
In eggs that are properly handled, there is a low chance
of salmonella contamination. However, the risk increases significatnly on farms
that do not follow good agricultural practices. In 1998 a salmonella outbreak
in Hawaii was traced to a farm where eggs were not refridgerated at the farm.
In 2005, a salmonella outbreak in Australia caused 135 people to be sick and was
traced to a farm using poor egg and container washing practices.
Temperature Monitoring Record. We have provided a record
template for your use in the Training and Support Tools section. A printable
version is also available. Or keep your own record that includes:
need an audit
Be prepared for the auditor to review:
Monitoring Records for egg storage
Laws and regulations
The Livestock and Livestock Products Act, R.S.O. 1990, c.
L. 20, Eggs Regulation, R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 724, s. 5 (1) prohibits the sale
within Ontario of eggs for human consumption except eggs graded, packed and marked
in accordance with this Regulation. However, s. 5 (2) allows a producer
to sell eggs that are not graded, packed and marked as required if the eggs are
produced on the producer's own farm, are clean and not leaking and are sold or
offered for sale to consumers for their own consumption only on the farm premises.
S. 7 provides that eggs that do not comply with the standards set out in
this Regulation shall be rejected and known as "rejects." S. 8
states that no person shall purchase or sell, or offer for sale, or ship or transport
rejects for use as food, or in the preparation of food, for human consumption.
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