Advantage Good Agricultural Practices Manual
6.2 General Storage
Products that are not stored appropriately can perish, spoil, become contaminated or contaminate other products.
This Good Agricultural Practice applies to:
What needs to be done
Store products under appropriate conditions to prevent perishing, spoilage and contamination.
How to do it
to storing any products, make sure storage facilities are in good condition and
Cover and/or protect
products during storage, and especially during cleaning,to prevent or minimize
contamination by micro-organisms, chemicals, foreign materials and pests.
Temperature and humidity controlMake sure the temperature and humidity of the storage/processing areas, coolers and freezers are appropriate for the product being stored to prevent or minimize food spoilage.
Temperature control systems must take into account the:
Monitor temperature regularly where required.
First-in, first-out rotation
the first-in, first-out principle to make sure products are rotated through your
facility on a regular basis so that the oldest products are used first.
High moisture storage for crops
crops require a high moisture environment for storage. Ensure that moisture controls
are set at the appropriate level and do not provide an environment that will cause
unwarranted spoilage to occur.
storage can cause feeds to spoil and lead to the development of moulds and the
mycotoxins produced by these moulds. The accumulation of mycotoxins can be hazardous
to livestock and the humans who consume them.
Storage of manure/compost, fruit and vegetable culls
Either locate storage and treatment sites (e.g. composting) as far away as practical from livestock, poultry, fresh fruit and vegetable handling areas and water sources or separate them from production and water locations with an appropriate physical barrier designed to minimize contamination due to run-off or leachate.
Take a look at our website for links to two good resources on specific temperatures for produce storage. They include most of the produce grown in Ontario.
Records to keep
Where applicable for the product, a Temperature Monitoring Record. We have provided a record template for your use in the Training and Support Tools section. A printable version is also available. Or keep your own record that includes:
If you need an audit
Be prepared for the auditor to review:
Laws and regulations that apply
All food must be stored under sanitary conditions.
The Food and Drugs Act, R.S., c. F-27, s. 7 states that no person shall
manufacture, prepare, preserve, package or store for sale any food under unsanitary
Take a look at the Nutrient Management page of the OMAFRA website for resources on:
For specific information on manure/compost storage, check out these publications:
For more information:
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Local: (519) 826-4047