Advantage Good Agricultural
Storage and Disposal of Farm Wastes
If farm wastes, including deadstock, are managed inappropriately,
they can cause contamination of the premises, livestock, inputs
and food. The accumulation of farm waste can also provide habitats
and food for pests.
This Good Agricultural Practice applies to:
Examples of general farm waste: All garbage and
waste materials generated through normal production processes, including
vegetable culls, cracked eggs, and vegetable and barn wash water.
Examples of medical waste: Used medical equipment
(e.g. needles), unused or expired medicated feed, animal health
products, packaging and/or containers.
Examples of pesticide waste: Unwanted pesticides
Examples of deadstock: According to the current
regulations, a "dead animal" covers on-farm livestock
mortalities for five species (horses, sheep, goats, swine and cattle).
For the purposes of this Good Agricultural Practice, the term "deadstock"
covers all on-farm mortalities.
Useful references from OMAFRA
What needs to be done
Store and dispose of farm wastes properly.
How to do it
General farm waste
- Locate farm waste storage areas away from food handling, input
storage and livestock housing areas to prevent cross-contamination
and avoid attracting pests.
- Make sure farm waste storage areas and containers are adequate
for the amount of waste generated between disposal times.
- Clean farm waste storage areas often enough to avoid creating
conditions that can cause cross-contamination or attract pests.
- Where possible, use containers with lids for the storage of
farm waste until removal.
- Remove farm waste often enough and in a manner to prevent cross-contamination
and avoid attracting pests.
- Dispose of all materials according to municipal bylaws.I
- f farm waste can be used by other sectors, store and ship them
so as not to pose a food safety hazard.
Note: Vegetables grown on-farm can be fed to livestock
housed on the same farm.
- Store used needles, empty medicine containers and unwanted or
expired animal health products either in commercially available
containers or in leak-proof, unbreakable containers labelled Non-Hazardous
Waste (medicine bottles) or Biomedical Waste (needles, scalpels
and other "sharp" equipment).
- Choose an appropriate disposal method. To maximize biosecurity
and minimize environmental contamination, the preferred disposal
method for used medicines and medical equipment is through a licensed
commercial transport, disposal or medical waste management company.
Another viable disposal option may be your veterinarian. Disposal
on your property or in burn barrels is not a desirable disposal
- Check with your local municipal landfill to see if disposal
- Make sure medicated feed and water are disposed of in a manner
that? does not contaminate the environment.
Used pesticide containers
- Triple-rinse all empty pesticide containers by following these
- Fill empty containers with at least 10% water.
- Rinse by recapping the container and shaking or rolling.
- Empty pesticide container contents into sprayer tank.
- Repeat steps 1 to 3 twice.
- Do not reuse pesticide containers for storage of other items.
- Take rinsed containers to a licensed waste disposal site or
recycle the containers at a pesticide container depot. Check with
your local landfill for complete requirements.
- For unwanted pesticides, check with your local municipal landfill
to inquire about hazardous waste disposal days and local recycling
- Also check with your pesticide supplier to see if it will accept
your empty pesticide containers or unwanted pesticides.
- Remove, compost or bury all regulated dead animals according
- Locate deadstock storage and removal facilities away from:
- Animal housing and production areas
- Fruit or vegetable production areas
- High-traffic areas
- Any waterways
- Protect all stored deadstock from scavengers and vermin and
away from public view.
- Choose a method of regulated dead animal disposal that is currently
approved in Ontario. Methods include:
- Pickup by a provincially licensed Livestock Mortality Collection
- Composting under 60 cm (2 ft.) of straw or sawdust
- Burial under 60 cm (2 ft.) of soil
Note: Incineration is not a legal disposal option for regulated
Did you know?
Pesticide container recycling depots can be located through the
Ontario Pesticide Education Program by calling 1-800-652-8573.
Did you know?
Livestock Mortality Collection Service providers should not have
access to the barns or high-traffic areas. Pickup should be arranged
on a part of the property that is not used in the day-to-day running
of the operation.
If you need an audit
Be prepared for the auditor to observe or inquire about storage
activities to ensure that:
- Adequate and proper waste storage areas and/or containers are
clearly designated on the farm.
- 3 Farm waste storage containers and areas are well kept and
- Farm waste is removed on a regular basis.
- Medical waste containers are clearly marked.
- Empty pesticide containers and unwanted pesticides are stored
in a designated area labelled for disposal.
- Deadstock is stored and/or disposed of according to provincial
Laws and regulations that apply
The Dead Animal Disposal Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. D. 3, s. 3 (1)
and Regulations, R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 263, s. 6 (1) set out the
requirements listed above.
See the Nutrient Management Act, 2002, S.O. 2002, c. 4 and Regulation
267/03 for rules around the management of nutrients, including
manure, in certain circumstances. Check municipal bylaws, which
may also have legal requirements related to manure storage or requirements
for Nutrient Management Plans.
See the Dangerous Goods Transportation Act, R.R.O. 1990, Reg.
261 and the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act (Canada),
1992 for requirements for disposal of pesticides, biohazards
or infection substances. The Pesticides Act, R.S.O. 1990, c.
P. 11, Regulation 914, General, R.R.O. 1990, s. 27 also requires
proper disposal of pesticides and their containers in accordance
with part V of the Environmental Protection Act and R.R.O. Reg.
347 made under that Act.
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