June-Bearing & Day-Neutral Strawberry Varieties

Table of Contents

Early to Early Mid-Season

Cultivar & Origin Season & Size Characteristics Strong Points Weakness Best Suited To:
V151
(FL82-1452 x Selkirk) x (Chandler x 137A84)

University of Guelph, Simcoe, Ontario

2007
Early

Medium-large
Productive variety with large, bright, medium-red, triangular fruit. Good yields, early cultivar with bright fruit. Fruit is firm with good quality. High yields but later fruit tends to be smaller. Very susceptible to anthracnose fruit infections. Susceptible to green petal disease. Flavour sometimes bland. Early shipping variety. Recommended for trial only.
Mohawk
(MDUS 4587 x Earliglow)

USDA, Beltsville, and HRIO, Ontario

1994

Very early

Medium
Vigourous very early variety. Fruit irregular or heart-shaped bright, orange-red, with pale interior. Very early variety with excellent flavour. Fruit is firm. Resistant to red stele, tolerant to mildew. King berries may be irregular in shape. Low yields, expect two good early picks. Local markets, early shipping. SE Canada, and NE USA.
Wendy (Sable x K91-2) x Evangeline

AAFC, Kentville, N.S.

2006
Early

Large
Productive early season variety released as an improvement to Evangeline. Primary fruit wedge-shaped, others conic. Fruit size is larger than Evangeline. Productive vigourous plants. Moderately resistant to powdery mildew. Susceptible to verticillium wilt. Tends to be dark and softer in SW Ontario. Plants do not stand up well in stressful conditions. Skin strength softer than Annapolis. Early season PYO and local markets, in eastern and northern Ontario.
Veestar Valentine x Sparkle

HRIO Vineland, Ontario


1967
Early

Medium
Vigourous plants that runner well. High yielding, medium sized berries. Fruit is dark red. Excellent flavour. Tolerant to Sinbar. Excellent for jam. Moderately soft, poor for shipping. Colour tends to darken in hot weather. Susceptible to red stele. No longer recommended in Ontario.
Annapolis (Micmac x Raritan) x Earliglow

AAFC, Kentville, N.S.


1984
Early

Medium to Large
Produces good yields of orange-red, roundish, firm berries. Plant runners well but not excessively, moderately vigourous. Acceptable firmness and shelf life.Resistant to red stele. Very susceptible to powdery mildew and angular leaf spot and susceptible to Botrytis. Sensitive to Sinbar. Early production for PYO and fresh market. Does well on medium to heavy soil types.
Sable
Veestar x Cavendish

AAFC, Kentville N.S.

1998
Early

Medium to large
Produces bright red berries on vigorous, tall plants. Berries less firm than Annapolis. Berries are bright red, with good flavour. Good winter hardiness. Resistant to red stele. Susceptible to angular leaf spot and Botrytis. Fruit is soft. Berry size drops after first pick. Early PYO. More successful in eastern and northern Ontario than in southwest. Recommended for trial planting.
Evangeline
(Honeoye x Veestar) x NYUS119

AAFC, Kentville N.S.


1999
Early

Medium
Vigorous healthy plants with flower and fruit clusters held upright, above the ground. Beautiful fruit, good quality, firm skin, nice shape, with large green calyx. Tolerant to leaf diseases. Good flavour. First berries are large but size is variable and drops off quickly. Small berry size overall and low yields. Susceptible to red stele. Early season high-end and fancy markets. No longer recommended in Ontario.
Brunswick
Cavendish x Honeoye

AAFC, Kentville N.S.


1999
Early mid-season

Large
Produces good yields of firm, shiny berries with good quality and average to good flavour. Fruit is uniform in shape, broadly round, larger than Honeoye, smaller than Cavendish. Productive, with good fruit quality. Resistant to red stele. Susceptible to Phytophthora crown rot. Flavour more like Honeoye than Cavendish. Apparently hardy. Likely sensitive to Sinbar. Early mid-season shipping and PYO.
Itasca
Seneca x Allstar

Univ. Minnesota, and USDA

2005
Early-mid season

Medium - Large
Bright red, wedge shaped fruit or round fruit, moderately firm, with classic strawberry flavors. Tough skin relative to other early cultivars. Ripens after Annapolis, before Honeoye. Apparently hardy, good quality early berry. Resistant to leaf diseases. Resistant to red stele. Strong flavour, sometimes with unpleasant after taste. Fruit tends to be small and round. For trial only, where winter hardiness or disease resistance are primary concerns
Honeoye
Vibrant x Holiday

NYAES, Geneva New York

1979
Early mid-season

Medium
Well adapted, high yielding plants. High yields of medium to large firm bright red berries. Good yields and bright glossy fruit, good quality. Consistent fruit size throughout season. Flavour is variable, sharp or acid taste, depending on site.Colour darkens in hot weather or when overripe. Tip of fruit ripens last. Somewhat sensitive to Sinbar. Susceptible to black root rot. Not well suited to eastern Ontario. Too dark for southwestern regions. Widely adapted to different soils and conditions. PYO or fresh market.
Darselect
Parker x Elsanta

Darbonne, France

1998
Early mid- season

Large
Very productive, with attractive fruit. The fruit is firm, bright red, white flesh, with large calyx, holds its size well. Very sweet flavor. The plant is vigorous and readily develops branch crowns, but does not produce excess runners. High yielding, good flavour, firm enough for shipping. Very susceptible to powdery mildew. Reported to be hardy to -25C with mulch. For trial on plasticulture, PYO, fresh market or shipping.
Glooscap
Micmac x Bounty

AAFC, Kentville N.S.


1983
Early mid-season

Medium
High yields of medium to large dark red fruit, medium firm with good flavour. Good size initially. High yield. Good winter hardiness. Decaps easily. Red flesh. Good for freezing. Tolerant to Sinbar. Dark colour with pale raised seeds. Susceptible to red stele. June yellows has been observed in some clones. Popular for PYO especially in E. Ont. and N. Ont., mid-western provinces and states.

Mid-Season to Late Mid-Season

Cultivar & Origin Season & Size Characteristics Strong Points Weakness Best Suited To:
L'Amour
(MDUS5252 x Etna) x Cavendish

NYAES, Geneva, New York

2003
Mid-season

Large
Bright red fruit large, long conic shape, large calyx. Firmer than Honeoye, bruises less easily. Consistent colour and shape, nice sepals. Susceptible to angular leaf spot. Reported to be cold hardy to at least -25C with straw mulch. Recommended for trial only for local markets and PYO.
Cavendish
Glooscap x Annapolis

AAFC, Kentville N.S.

1990
Mid-season

Very Large
High yielding variety with large to very large fruit of medium firmness. Very large fruit. High yields. Resistant to red stele. Can be harvested over a long period. Tends to colour unevenly under some conditions, ie cool springs followed by hot weather at green fruit stage and ripening. White blotches and dark purple red colour may be present on the same berry. Skin can be tender. Becomes soft in hot weather. Sensitive to Sinbar. Very susceptible to angular leaf spot. Better adapted to E. and N. Ontario because of dark colour and uneven ripening in hot conditions. PYO and limited fresh market.
Kent
(Redgauntlet x Tioga) x Raritan

AAFC, Kentville N.S.


1981
Mid-season

Medium
Large leafy plant with blue-green tinge. Produces high yields of bright red fruit. High yields. Long fruiting season. Skin strength can be weak in hot conditions (not as strong as Honeoye). Very susceptible to leaf spot, leaf scorch, angular leaf spot, Botrytis and anthracnose fruit rot. Plants wilt and fruit becomes excessively dark in hot weather. Very sensitive to Sinbar. Produces multi-crowned plants with few runners in hot conditions. PYO, and fair for shipping from cooler areas of Ontario. Does well on both sandy loam and clay loam soils. Does not do well on hot sandy soils.
Sapphire
319A92 x V7737-2

University of Guelph, Simcoe, Ontario


2002
Late mid-season, similar to Kent

Large
Consistently shaped bright red large berries with good, sometimes mild flavour and medium firmness. Vigorous plants. Tolerant to Sinbar. Attractive berries. Seeds and prominent. Susceptible to Botrytis, otherwise, disease tolerance unknown. Yield is low to moderate. PYO and fresh market, trial only.
Mira
Scott x Honeoye

AAFC, Kentville N.S.


1996
Mid-season to late mid-seasonLarge High yielding, semi-vigourous plant, with bright red conical firm berries, white in center. Uniform shape. Ripens a few days after Kent. Yields are similar to Kent, but berries are firmer and have better quality compared to Kent. Maintains good quality and does not darken in hot weather. Resistant to red stele and most leaf diseases. Maintains good size for several pickings. Flavour fair and may be tart. Berries may be uniformly coloured before they are completely ripe with full flavour. Sensitive to Sinbar. Berry texture becomes mealy under hot conditions Suitable for fresh market, not as popular for PYO.
Jewel
(Senga Sengana x NYE58) x Holiday

NYAES, Geneva, New York

1985
Mid-season - late mid- season

Large
Semi-vigorous plants with good yield and bright glossy red large fruit, conical in shape. Bright and glossy red. Good yield, but not as productive as Honeoye or Kent. Good for freezing. Susceptible to winter injury. Fruit darkens and softens in hot weather. Bland flavour. Spotty establishment in some years. Sensitive to Sinbar. Susceptible to leaf spot, red stele, powdery mildew, and Verticillium. Susceptible to black root rot. Well adapted to loamier soil types. Suitable for fresh market and shipping.
Cabot
(Elsanta x K79-5) x (ArKing x K7-40)

AAFC, Kentville N.S.

1998
Mid season

Very Large
Produces very large, bright red, juicy berries, on large sturdy plants. Very large berries, on average over 20 grams. Good flavour. Primary berries are very irregular in shape. Berries have a thin skin and are susceptible to Botrytis. Plants do not runner well, and should be set at closer spacings. Plants are susceptible to crown rot. Flavour is good but not sweet. PYO, and fancy fresh markets. Trial only.
Allstar
US 4419 x MDUS 3184

Univ. Maryland and USDA


1981
Late mid-season

Large
Vigorous plants with orange red berries, uniform in shape and size with raised seeds. Good flavour. Firm fruit. Orange - red colour. Size drops off after 2 pickings. Seeds prominent. Especially susceptible to angular leaf spot. Very popular in Michigan and U.S. No longer recommended in Ontario
Governor Simcoe
Guardian x Holiday

HRIO, Simcoe, Ontario

1985
Late mid-season

Large
Vigorous plants with light green foliage. Berries are bright and light red in colour with pale interior. Firm berry with strong skin. Acceptable for shipping. Mild, pleasant flavour. Susceptible to powdery mildew and leaf blight. Production can be inconsistent in cooler regions and on heavier soils. Somewhat sensitive to Sinbar. Best suited to lighter textured, warm soils. Performs well in southwestern Ontario.

Late Season

Cultivar & Origin

Season & Size

Characteristics Strong Points Weakness Best Suited To
L'Authentique Orléans
L'Acadie x Joliette

McGill University and AAFC, St. Jean-sur-Richelieu, Qué
Late

Very Large
High yielding with large firm fruit. Bright, medium red berries, roundish to cone shape, with large green calyx and excellent quality. Consistent fruit size, with good flavour. Good shelf life. Anthracnose fruit rot has been observed on fruit. Did not survive in Thunder Bay. Has potential for fresh market and shipping. For trial only.
St. Pierre
Chandler x Jewel

AAFC, St. Jean-sur-Richelieu, Qué

2002
Very Late

Large
High yielding with large bright light red fruit. Large green calyx and excellent quality. Consistent fruit size, with good flavour. Good shelf life. Vigorous plants in Thunder Bay Susceptible to anthracnose fruit rot and powdery mildew. Has potential for fresh market and shipping.For trial only.
Serenity
137A84 x Chandler

University of Guelph, Simcoe, Ontario

2003
Late

Large
Conical shaped fruit. Produces high yields of very large, bright soft-skinned fruits. Large berries in early picks Susceptible to anthracnose fruit rot. Tips can be seedy. Berries in later picks are small and pointy. Susceptible to anthracnose. Recommended for trial for shipping and fresh markets.
R14

University of Guelph, Simcoe, Ontario


2007
Very late

Very large
Large fruited variety, sister to Serenity, with better fruit quality but lower yields. Excellent quality, compared to Serenity. Low yields, one large inflorescence per plant. For small trials only.
Valley Sunset
Great-grandparents include Pandora, Scotland, Micmac, Allstar, Cavendish and Bogota.

AAFC, Kentville, Nova Scotia

2006
Very late

Very large
A late flowering and fruiting variety with large bright red fruit and moderate yields. Very late variety, with large fruit and mild sweet flavour. Slightly soft skin. Somewhat seedy. Not likely suitable for shipping. Susceptible to powdery mildew. Local fresh market and PYO to extend the season. For trial only.

Day Neutral varieties

Cultivar & Origin Season & Size Characteristics Strong Points Weakness Best Suited To
Seascape

University of California

1991
Day neutral - peak production in August and early September.

Large
Firm fruit, medium to long conic in shape, bright red in colour and good quality. High yields in August and early September. High yielding variety with attractive flavourful berries. Susceptible to two-spotted spider mite. Extremely susceptible to powdery mildew. Ripe fruit easily damaged by rain. May not be winter hardy in most of Ontario. Annual production, for local fresh market and shipping .
Albion
Diamante x Cal94.16-1

University of California

Patented in 2006
Day neutral - peak production in late August and September

Large
Very high quality fruit, conic in shape, ripening from bottom to top. Resistant to verticillium wilt, Phytophthora crown rot and relatively resistant to anthracnose crown rot. Excellent fruit quality. Flavourful fruit. High percentage of fruit is marketable. Lower yields than Seascape. Later production cycle. Less winter hardy than Seascape Annual production for local fresh market and shipping.
Evie 2
Everglade x J92D12 Edward Vinson Ltd.

United Kingdom

2006
Day neutral - not as early as Seascape but earlier than Albion. Large Vigourous plants producing large light red, firm, sweet fruit, on long trusses. Fruit is less conic in shape than Seascape. Good yields. More tolerant of powdery mildew and Botrytis than Seascape. Fruit is softer than Seascape and not as early. Local fresh markets.

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