Ontario Weeds: Smooth
Table of Contents
- Other Names
- General Description
- Stems and Roots
- Flowers and Fruit
- Similar Species
- Related Links
Name: Smooth bedstraw, Galium mollugo
Other Names: gaillet mollugine, gaillet
Family: Madder Family (Rubiaceae)
General Description: Perennial, reproducing
by seed and by spreading underground rhizomes.
Photos and Pictures
Smooth bedstraw (A - mass of flowering stems; B
- portion of a stem showing whorls of leaves and tiny 4-petalled
Smooth bedstraw. A. Stem of plant.
B. Base of stem rooting at nodes.
Stems & Roots: Stems slender,
soft, smooth, much-branched, at first erect but soon matted or spreading
over nearby vegetation; leaves in whorls of 6 to 8 per node, narrowly
oblong or wider towards the end, 1-3cm (2/5-1¼in.) long,
Flowers & Fruit: Flowers in loosely
branching clusters at the ends of stems and on short branches throughout
the plant; each flower with 4 tiny white petals, 2-4mm (1/12-1/6in.)
across, sitting on top of a small spherical ovary which develops
into the fruit ("seed"). Flowers from June to August.
Habitat: Smooth bedstraw occurs throughout
Ontario in pastures, meadows, river flats, roadsides and occasionally
in lawns and gardens. There are several other kinds of perennial
white-flowered bedstraws in Ontario but they are rarely considered
Similar Species: It is distinguished by
having usually 6 or 8 leaves per node on the smooth stems and branches.
... on general Weed
... on weed identification, order OMAFRA
Publication 505: Ontario Weeds
... on weed control, order OMAFRA
Publication 75: Guide To Weed Control
to the Ontario Weeds Gallery |