Ontario Weeds: Ox-eye
Table of Contents
- Other Names
- General Description
- Stems and Roots
- Flowers and Fruit
- Related Links
Name: Ox-eye daisy, Chrysanthemum
Other Names: CHYLE, marguerite blanche,
Field daisy, White daisy, grande marguerite, marguerite, chrysanthème
Family: Composite or Aster Family (Compostiae)
General Description: Perennial, reproducing
by seed and by underground rhizomes. It is distinguished by its
dark green, smooth, somewhat fleshy, dissected or coarsely toothed
leaves, its large, conspicuous, daisy-like flower heads with white
rays and yellow centres, its rhizomatous and fibrous-rooted underground
system, and its disagreeable odour.
Photos and Pictures
A. Young rosette.
B. Older plant with flowering stems.
The Composite "Flower Head" of Ox-eye daisy.
A. Flower head viewed form above. B. Flower head viewed from below.
C. Vertical section through flower head and stalk. D. Side view
of on e disk or tubular floret. E. Front view of one sterile ray
or ligulate floret (without either stamens or stigma).
Stems & Roots: Stems erect or
curving upwards 20 - 90 cm (8 - 36 in.) high, single from upturned
ends of rhizomes, or few to many from a stout root-crown; lower
leaves broadly spoon-shaped, deeply and coarsely dissected or toothed,
stalked, smooth, dark green, often glossy and fleshy; upper leaves
narrower, similarly dissected or deeply toothed, stalkless and often
clasping the stem, alternate (1 per node).
Flowers & Fruit: Flower heads
large and showy, daisy-like, 2.5 - 5 cm (1 - 2 in.) across, borne
singly at ends of stems and main branches; ray florets usually 15
to 30 per head, white, 1 - 2 cm (2/5 - 4/5 in.) long; disk florets
bright yellow, short, numerous, densely packed, forming a slightly
rounded centre; involucral bracts at base of each head numerous,
firm, overlapping, light green with brownish margins; seeds top-shaped
with a knob-like projection on the upper end, ridged, and with alternate
black and white stripes. When crushed, all parts of the plant have
a disagreeably sour odour. Flowers from early June to late autumn.
Habitat: Ox-eye daisy is very common
and conspicuous throughout Ontario, often forming dense infestations
in pastures, meadows and waste places, but also occurring in cultivated
land, roadsides, gardens and lawns.
... on general Weed
... on weed identification, order OMAFRA
Publication 505: Ontario Weeds
... on weed control, order OMAFRA
Publication 75: Guide To Weed Control
to the Ontario Weeds Gallery |