Ontario Weeds: Dame's
Table of Contents
- Other Names
- General Description
- Stems and Roots
- Flowers and Fruit
- Similar Species
- Related Links
Name: Dame's-rocket, Hesperis matronalis
Other Names: Dame's-violet, Mother-of-the-evening,
julienne des dames, julienne, julienne des jardins
Family: Mustard Family (Cruciferae)
General Description: Perennial, reproducing
only by seed.
Photos and Pictures
Dame's rocket. A. Lower part of flowering plant. B. Upper
part of flowering plant.
Stems & Roots: Stems - erect,
45-140cm (18-56in.) high, often branched above;
Leaves: lanceolate, up to 15cm (6in.)
long, pubescent, shallowly dentate, short-stalked or stalkless,
with acuminate tips;
Flowers & Fruit: Flowers in elongated
racemes, very showy and fragrant; each flower 1.4-2.5cm (3/5-1in.)
across; the 4 petals purple, or varying to shades of pink or white;
seedpods (siliques) 2.5-14cm (1-5½in.) long, somewhat constricted
between the seeds. Flowers from May to August.
Habitat: Dame's-rocket is an old-fashioned
ornamental that was introduced from Europe and escaped from cultivation.
It is common in damp soil along roadsides, rivers, fencerows and
ditches and in waste areas, forests and abandoned orchards in southern
Similar Species: It is distinguished
by its tall stems, its showy purple to pink or white petals, pubescent,
sharply toothed leaves and its habit of growing in scattered or
thick stands in non-cultivated areas.
... on general Weed
... on weed identification, order OMAFRA
Publication 505: Ontario Weeds
... on weed control, order OMAFRA
Publication 75: Guide To Weed Control
to the Ontario Weeds Gallery |