Ontario Weeds: Chicory
Excerpt from Publication 505, Ontario Weeds, Order this publication
Table of Contents
- Other Names
- General Description
- Stems and Roots
- Flowers and Fruit
- Related Links
Name: Chicory, Cichorium intybus
Other Names: CICIN, chicorée sauvage, Blue daisy, Blue sailors, Coffee-weed, Common chicory, Wild succory, chicorée.
Family: Composite or Aster Family (Compositae)
General Description: Biennial or usually perennial, reproducing only by seed. It is distinguished in rosette and non-flowering stages by its coarse, rough-hairy leaves superficially resembling Dandelion leaves, and when in flower, by its large, showy, blue flowers in stalkless clusters along the branches.
Chicory. A Base of second-year plant.
Flowers & Fruit: Flower heads bright blue and very showy, stalkless or on short stalks in clusters along the branches, numerous; each head 3 - 4 cm (1¼ - 1¾ in.) across; only ray (strap-shaped) florets present; these blue, occasionally pinkish or whitish; seeds short, angled, top-shaped but lacking a tuft of hair at the tip; sticky white juice usually present in stems and leaves. Flowers from July to late autumn.
Habitat: Chicory occurs throughout Ontario in waste places, fence lines, roadsides and occasionally in gardens.
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