Ontario Weeds: Chicory
Table of Contents
- Other Names
- General Description
- Stems and Roots
- Flowers and Fruit
- Related Links
Name: Chicory, Cichorium intybus
Other Names: CICIN, chicorée
sauvage, Blue daisy, Blue sailors, Coffee-weed, Common chicory,
Wild succory, chicorée.
Family: Composite or Aster Family (Compositae)
General Description: Biennial or usually
perennial, reproducing only by seed. It is distinguished in rosette
and non-flowering stages by its coarse, rough-hairy leaves superficially
resembling Dandelion leaves, and when in flower, by its large, showy,
blue flowers in stalkless clusters along the branches.
Photos and Pictures
Stems & Roots:
A Base of second-year plant.
B. Stem. C. Flowering branch.
Stems erect, 30 -
150 cm (1 - 5 ft) high, usually with stiff spreading branches, hollow,
rough-hairy especially on the lower part; first-year plants without
a stem but forming a thick, vertical taproot and a large rosette of
leaves; leaves of the basal rosette large. coarse, resembling Dandelion
leaves but rough-hairy; stem leaves similar but smaller, alternate
(1 per node), and bases of upper leaves clasping the stem.
Flowers & Fruit:
Flower heads bright
blue and very showy, stalkless or on short stalks in clusters along
the branches, numerous; each head 3 - 4 cm (1¼ - 1¾
in.) across; only ray (strap-shaped) florets present; these blue,
occasionally pinkish or whitish; seeds short, angled, top-shaped but
lacking a tuft of hair at the tip; sticky white juice usually present
in stems and leaves. Flowers from July to late autumn.
Chicory occurs throughout Ontario
in waste places, fence lines, roadsides and occasionally in gardens.
... on general Weed
... on weed identification, order OMAFRA
Publication 505: Ontario Weeds
... on weed control, order OMAFRA
Publication 75: Guide To Weed Control
to the Ontario Weeds Gallery |