Recommended Apple Varieties for Ontario

  1. Choose a location:
  2. Definition of General, Limited and Trial Planting
  3. Related Links
Location and Plant Hardiness Zones
General Planting
Limited/Regional Planting
Trial Planting

Frontenac East and St. Lawrence

(Zone 5b)

Cortland
McIntosh
Paulared
Spartan
Empire
Gala
Golden Russet
Honeycrisp
Jerseymac
Lobo
Macoun
EarliGold
Ginger Gold
Jonagold1
Novaspy2
Silken
Sunrise
Ontario, Durham, Northumberland, Prince Edward, Hastings, Lennox and Addington
(Zones 5b, 6a)
  
Cortland
Empire
Gala
McIntosh
Northern Spy
Paulared
Spartan
Ambrosia
Crispin (Mutsu)
Ginger Gold
Golden Russet
Honeycrisp
Idared
Jerseymac
Jonagold1
Jonamac
Liberty2
Red Delicious
Creston
Earligold
Novaspy2
Shizuka
Silken
Sunrise

Bruce, Grey and Simcoe

(Zone 5b)

 
Cortland
Empire
Idared
McIntosh
Northern Spy
Pioneer Mac
Spartan
Gala
Golden Russet
Honeycrisp

Ambrosia
Creston
Earligold
Enterprise
Ginger Gold
Novaspy2
Silken
Sunrise

York, Peel, Halton, Wellington, Waterloo and North Wentworth

(Zones 6a, 6b)

Cortland
Empire
Gala
Golden Delicious
Idared
Jerseymac
McIntosh
Northern Spy
Paulared
Red Delicious
Spartan
Crispin (Mutsu)
Fuji
Golden Russet
Jonagold1
Liberty2
Ambrosia
Ginger Gold
Honeycrisp
Novaspy2
Shizuka
Silken
Sunrise

Brant, Elgin, Oxford, Middlesex, Lambton, Huron and Perth

(Zones 6a, 6b)

Cortland
Crispin (Mutsu)
Empire
Gala
Golden Delicious
McIntosh
Northern Spy
Paulared
Red Delicious
Ambrosia
Fuji
Golden Russet
Honeycrisp
Idared
Jerseymac
Jonagold1
Spartan
Cameo
Ginger Gold
Goldrush2
Liberty2
Novaspy2
Shizuka
Silken
Sunrise

Norfolk

(Zones 6a, 6b)

Cortland
(Crispin) Mutsu
Empire
Gala
Golden Delicious
McIntosh
Northern Spy
Paulared
Red Delicious
Ambrosia
Fuji
Golden Russet
Honeycrisp
Idared
Jerseymac
Jonagold1
Liberty2
Spartan
Cameo
Fortune
Ginger Gold
Goldrush2
Novaspy2
Shizuka
Silken
Sunrise

Niagara, Haldimand and South Wentworth

(Zones 6b, 7a)

Cortland
Empire
Gala
Golden Delicious
Paulared
Red Delicious
Spartan
Ambrosia
Crispin (Mutsu)
Fuji
Idared
Jerseymac
Jonagold1
Liberty2
McIntosh
Northern Spy
Braeburn
Cameo
Ginger Gold
Goldrush2
Honeycrisp
Novaspy2
Shizuka
Silken
Sunrise

Kent and Essex

(Zones 6b, 7a, 7b)

Crispin (Mutsu)
Empire
Gala
Golden Delicious
Jonamac
Red Delicious
Sunrise
Ambrosia
Braeburn
Cortland
Fuji
Ginger Gold
Golden Russet
Idared
Jonagold1
Liberty2
McIntosh
Novaspy2
Paulared
Spartan

Aurora
Cameo
Goldrush2
Honeycrisp
Shizuka
Silken

Note: For simplicity, Trade Marks and Plant Patents have been omitted

1 - Early maturing, red strains preferred e.g. Jonagored.
2 - Scab Resistant Cultivar. For more details refer to OMAFRA factsheet: Disease Resistant Apple Cultivars, Order No. 98-013.


General Planting - Well-known varieties of proven performance.

Limited/Regional Planting - These varieties have value but should be limited in extent of planting. Some may have proven valuable in trial plantings and warrant further commercial experience. Others may be adapted to a specific region or be useful only for selected markets. Growers are encouraged to investigate market potential before planting newer strains or cultivars. Due to the inherent variability in each of the locations by county, growers are wise to thoroughly investigate the cultivar attributes with regard to season length and heat requirements, e.g. The cultivar "Goldrush" should only be planted where it can be finished. It requires a very long growing season and will be the last variety harvested in a 3000 CHU area, e.g. the cultivar "Ambrosia" is known to be heat driven and should only be planted on the best sites in areas where total heat accumulation is questionable.

Trial Planting - These are promising, newer varieties which require further testing to establish their commercial value.

Related Links


For more information:
Toll Free: 1-877-424-1300
E-mail: ag.info.omafra@ontario.ca
Author: Leslie Huffman- Apple Specialist/OMAFRA
Creation Date: 13 February 2001
Last Reviewed: 08 May 2012