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Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs


Scientific Name: Chaenorrhinum minus (L) Lange,

Other Names: chénorhinum mineur, Dwarf toadflax, Small toadflax, linaire mineure, Linaria minor L.

Family: Figwort or Snapdragon Family (Scrophulariaceae)

General Description: Annual, reproducing only by seed.

Habitat: Dwarf snapdragon occurs throughout Ontario usually in cinders and gravel along railway rights-of-way but occasionally in other waste places, cultivated fields and gardens, and has recently become a common weed in many strawberry fields.


  • Tiny, seedling with stem
  • Leaves are heart-shaped


  • Erect
  • 10- 40 cm (4- 16 in.) high
  • Usually much branched throughout
  • Glandular-hairy


  • Alternate (1 per node)
  • Sometimes in tufts along the stem
  • Short and very narrow


  • Flower stalks slender, 1- 2 cm (2/5- 4/5 in.) long from leaf axils throughout the plant
  • Small (6- 8 mm, ¼- 1/3 in. long)
  • Light blue to purplish with a yellow spot
  • Seedpods nearly spherical, about 5 mm (1/5 in.) in diameter
  • Flowers from June to September

Often Confused With
Toadflax (Snapdragon is distinguished by its small, erect, much-branched, somewhat sticky hairs stems with short, narrow leaves often in tufts, and very small, light blue to purplish snapdragon-like flowers.)

Dwarf snapdragon seedpods Dwarf snapdragon in strawberries Dwarf snapdragon seedlings Dwarf snapdragonClick to enlarge.