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Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs

BENEFICIAL-pest interactions

Beneficial

Type (group)

Pests Attacked

Predatory (mite)

ERM, rust mites

Predatory (mite)

ERM, TSSM, rust mites, insect eggs, other mites

Predatory (mite)

ERM, TSSM

Predatory (mite)

aphids, leafhoppers, scales, ERM, TSSM, rust mites, small caterpillars, other

Predator (beetle)

aphids, mites

Predator (beetle)

insect eggs, caterpillars, other beetle adults / larvae

Predator (bug)

aphids, other soft-bodied insects, thrips

Predator (bug)

aphids, mites, leafhoppers, small caterpillars

Predator (bug)

aphids, mites, other smaller insects

Predator (bug)

aphids, leafhoppers, small caterpillars, beetle larvae, eggs of other insects

Flower / Hover fly

Predator (fly larva)

aphids, mites

Predator (fly larva)

aphid specialist

Predator (lacewing)

aphids, soft-bodied insects

Predator (earwig)

aphids (green apple and woolly), mites, caterpillars

Parasitoid (fly)

caterpillars (OBLR), beetle larvae, other

Parasitoid (wasp)

caterpillars (STLM), aphids

Eulophid wasp

Parasitoid (wasp)

caterpillars (STLM)

Aphelinid wasp (ex. Aphelinus mali)

Parasitoid (wasp)

aphids (WAA), scales

Trichogramma spp. wasp

Parasitoid (wasp)

eggs of other insects

* Campylomma verbasci may reach pest status early in the growing season, prior to buildup of prey items.