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Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs

BENEFICIAL-pest interactions

Beneficial

Type (group)

Pests Attacked

Predatory (mite)

European red mite, rust mites

Predatory (mite)

European red mite, twospotted spider mite, rust mites, insect eggs, other mites

Predatory (mite)

European red mite, twospotted spider mite

Predatory (mite)

Aphids, leafhoppers, scales, European red mite, twospotted spider mite, rust mites, small caterpillars, other

Predator (beetle)

Aphids, mites

Predator (beetle)

insect eggs, caterpillars, other beetle adults / larvae

Predator (bug)

Aphids, other soft-bodied insects, thrips

Predator (bug)

Aphids, mites, leafhoppers, small caterpillars

Predator (bug)

Aphids, mites, other smaller insects

Predator (bug)

Aphids, leafhoppers, small caterpillars, beetle larvae, eggs of other insects

Predator (fly larva)

Aphids, mites

Predator (fly larva)

Aphid specialist

Predator (lacewing)

Aphids, soft-bodied insects

Predator (earwig)

Aphids (green apple and woolly), mites, caterpillars

Parasitoid (fly)

Caterpillars (obliquebanded leafroller), beetle larvae, other

Parasitoid (wasp)

Caterpillars (spotted tentiform leafminer), aphids

Eulophid wasp

Parasitoid (wasp)

Caterpillars (spotted tentiform leafminer)

Parasitoid (wasp)

Aphids (woolly apple aphid), scales

Parasitoid (wasp)

Eggs of other insects

* Campylomma verbasci may reach pest status early in the growing season, prior to buildup of prey items.